The Institute of History, Czech Academy of Sciences


Applied Research and Development of National and Cultural Identity Programme (NAKI II), provider Ministry of Culture

Historical sources of Krkonoše: Development of a system of record keeping, processing and presentation of (historical) sources for the history and for the culture of Krkonoše and its use in research and in education

Joint Project
Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: PhDr. Jan Slavíček, Ph.D.

Co-Holder: Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Co-Investigator: PhDr. Petra Hoffmannová

Project Identification Code: DG20P02OVV010
Duration: 2020-2022

Krkonoše is a region affected by a loss of historical and cultural memory as a result of radical post-war political and social transformations in society. Attempts at ascertaining and analyzing its historical and cultural identity are highly complicated because sources of information are fragmented in terms of region, language and institutions.
The goals of this project are:
1. To make sources regarding the history and cultural memory of Krkonoše (the so-called Corcontica) available through a special public database (i.e. database of analytical metadata) regardless of physical location,
2. To contribute to a specific methodological perception of regional history based on information sources,
3. To analyze the current state of research.
The special database will, through its innovative software solution for recording, processing and presenting, gather and analyze the representative Corcontica (including annotations highlighting regional peculiarities), and refer to their physical location and to their digital versions where relevant.
The major outputs of the project will be realized through this database:
1. Specialist software (R), which will enable the searching of Corcontica by researchers and the public;
2. An exhibition and catalogue, Ekrit, which will inform the public about the topic of the project and how it can be utilised;
3. Three specialist maps (Nmap), showing changes to Krkonoše between 1918 and 1992, as well as the location of Corcontica and their typologies. The most important secondary outputs will be the mentioned specialist database (S), an interdisciplinary academic conference (M) and a subsequent collective monograph (B).
The proposed project will help increase our knowledge of the history of Krkonoše during the Czechoslovak period in a fundamental manner. It will also open new ways for research, by making information accessible about many sources which are today very fragmented and essentially therefore almost impossible to find.

Dowry Towns of the Queens of Bohemia (A living part of historical consciousness and its support of the instruments of historical geography, virtual reality and cyberspace)

Principal Investigator: doc. Mgr. Petr Grulich, Ph.D.
Holder: Philosophical Faculty of the University of Hradec Králové

Co-Investigator: prof. PhDr. Josef Žemlička, DrSc.
Co-Holder: Institute of History of the CAS

Co-Investigator: Ing. Jiří Chludil
Co-Holder: Faculty of Information Technology of the Czech Technical University in Prague

Project Identification Code: DG18P02OVV015
Duration: 2018-2022

Towns belonging in the past to the Bohemian queens, so-called royal dowry towns (more stably Hradec Králové, Chrudim, Vysoké Mýto, Polička, Jaroměř, Dvůr Králové, Trutnov, Nový Bydžov, Mělník), are a special category among Czech historical towns in a number of perspectives. With the exception of Mělník, they comprise a specific geographic enclave in East Bohemia. The institution began to form at the beginning of the 14th century and went through a complicated development. Dowry towns became a source of incomes of the queens and in the case of medieval Hradec and Mělník for a time the residence of several of them. De iure, the institution of dowry towns ended in 1918. The reflection of their historic charisma was revitalised in the 19th century during the national revival and lives until now as one of the pieces of the identity of these towns in relation to the other towns of the CR.
The main objective of the submitted project is in accordance with the specific aim of 1.1 applied research and experimental development aimed at presenting this exclusively Czech historical phenomenon to the general public through the tools of historical geography and advanced computer graphics. The main outputs of the project will be a dedicated mobile application and a web portal that will serve as a specialized historical guide to the dowry towns and their urban landscape and specialized (reconstruction) maps of the entire regional enclave and the towns themselves. In the case of Hradec Králové, the guide will provide the possibility of 3D travel over time on the basis of so-called expanded virtual reality, incl. 3D reconstruction of already destroyed urban complexes and examples of period life. For Dvůr Králové, Jaroměř, Polička, and Vysoké Mýto, the volumes of the Historical Atlas of the Czech Republic will be created as other main outputs of the project. Along with the secondary outputs, a collection presenting the dowry towns to the lay and professional public will be fashioned. At the same time, they will support the special role of dowry towns in the Czech national and regional identity.

Historical water management objects, their value, function and significance for the present

Consortium of Holders:

Principal Investigator: Ing. Miriam Dzuráková
Holder: T. G. Masaryk Water Research Institute, p. r. i.

Co-Investigator: Mgr. Aleš Vyskočil, Ph.D.
Co-Holder: Institute of History of the CAS, p. r. i.

Co-Investigator: Mgr. Michaela Ryšková
Co-Holder: National Heritage Institute

Co-Investigator: Mgr. Marek Havlíček, Ph.D.
Co-Holder: The Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening, p. r. i.

Co-Investigator: RNDr. Renata Pavelková, Ph.D.
Co-Holder: Palacký University Olomouc

Project Identification Code: DG18P02OVV019
Duration: 2018-2022

The aim of this project resides in the expansion of the knowledge, systematic documentation and definiton of objective criteria for the evaluation of a specific group of technical monuments – historical water management objects. The main goal is to develop a methodology of unambiguous identification, categorization and evaluation of historical water management objects in terms of historic preservation and renewal, based on an interdisciplinary approach. Attainment of the project’s goals through: 1. documentation and analysis and analysis of the water management objects‘ evolution in chosen study areas, using historical topographical maps of five different periods, as well as archive sources, 2. comparative analysis of the historical water management objets‘ development in study areas, taking into consideration different conditions both natural and socio-economic. The project’s outcomes will be: 1. a set of maps, 2. the methodology of identification, categorization and evaluation of historialc water management objects. The methodology will be a significant contribution to further research activities involving documentation, evaluation, preservation and renewal of this specific cultural heritage fund. To enhance the public‘s awareness  and to promote this type of cultural and technical heritage, an exhibition (cenceived as traveling) will be held. A critical catalog will be published.

Czech Historical Atlas

Principal Investigator: prof. PhDr. Eva Semotanová, DrSc.
Holder: Institute of History of the CAS

Co-Investigator: doc. Ing. Jiří Cajthaml, Ph.D.
Co-Holder: FCE CTU in Prague

Project Identification Code: DG16P02H010
Duration: 2016-2020

The "Czech Historical Atlas" project falls under the NAKI Programme (1. National identity, 1.1 Research and its application - the historical science and archaeology) and the VaVaI Priorities (3.2 National, regional and local identity and tradition, 3.2.1 The knowledge of history as a condition for preserving and cherishing the national, regional and local identity, the memory and tradition within the national context).
It comes as a result of collaboration between the Institute of History CAS and the Department of Geomatics FCE CTU in Prague on the historical atlas cartography implemented within the Academic Atlas of Czech History and other historical cartographic works. The project seeks to follow up the printed atlas, which could not grasp numerous hitherto unprocessed historically important and all-societally attractive themes, especially as regards the 20th century, and publicize these topics through specialized maps with textual and pictorial annotations by application of modern methodology and approaches on the planned electronic portal "Czech Historical Atlas" in the Czech as well as English version.

Map: Praha na Bělohlavově mapě 1:75 000 před rokem 1918

Telč and Jesuits, Order and its Patrons

Principal Investigator: Mgr. Kateřina Valentová, Ph.D.
Holder: Institute of History of the CAS

Co-Investigator: Mgr. Jana Dostálová
Co-Holder: National Heritage Institute

Co-Investigator: Mgr. Bc. Michaela Ramešová
Co-Holder: Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the CAS

Project Identification Code: DG16P02M043
Duration: 2016-2020

The project aims to bring new findings about the formation of Czech national identity with a new synthetic view revealing a key part of the history of Telč that has not previously been systematically studied. Telč became a prominent regional centre of baroque culture under the influence of Jesuits. The Jesuit College in Telč, its relationship with the founders and the link it had with the city provide a unique opportunity to study both the character and the interaction of these three actors. Gathering data from existing sources, analysing and interpreting them will initiate in-depth research that will make it possible to apply the acquired knowledge and develop a methodology to record reports of material cultural evidence. This, in turn, will provide an effective tool of unified data documentation and usage.
An attempt to bridge the gap between scholarly discourse and the rooted way to regard cultural heritage connected with Jesuits will also be part of the project.