The Institute of History, Czech Academy of Sciences

Czech Science Foundation

Historical Geography Research Centre
Výzkumné centrum historické geografie - Grantový projekt excelence

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: prof. PhDr. Eva Semotanová, DrSc.
Co-Bearer: Přírodovědecká fakulta UK
Participant: RNDr. a Mgr. Pavel Chromý, PhD.

Project Identification: P410/12/G113
Project Period: 2012-2018

The project further develops research undertaken at the Institute of History, CAS and the Faculty of Science, Charles University. The aim is to develop a joint institutional platform for research in historical geography and to strengthen the international comparability of publication activities. Within the research, emphasis will be placed on: i) theoretical-methodological issues development of the approaches used in Czech HG in the European and global context with an emphasis on the new historical geography; ii) regions development of settlement systems, sociogeographic, administrative, economic regions, the processes of their formation/change, the process of spatial polarization, changes in borders, and problematic areas; iii) towns position of towns in the sociogeographic system, the interpretation and explanation of changes in their external position and internal structures; iv) landscape landscape changes, their explanation and interpretation; v) heritage and territorial identity meaning of heritage, the role of heritage in formation of identities and local/regional development.


STANDARD PROJECTS

Bohemian Brethren Nobility in Bohemia and Moravia. Formation of noblemenʼs confessional identity and its changes in the 1st half of the 17th century
Bratrská šlechta v Čechách a na Moravě. Formování konfesní identity urozených a její proměny v první polovině 17. století

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: Mgr. Jiří Just, Th.D.

Project Identification Code: 16-11332S
Project Period: 2016-2018

The interdisciplinary project focuses on research into confessionality of the Bohemian and Moravian nobility, which professed confession of the Unity of Brethren in the first half of 17th century. It covers decisive influence on creation of the noblemenʼs confessional identity, such as family confessional traditions, education conditioned by confessional context and interaction ensuing from various forms of communication between Bohemian Brethren clergy and the nobility as well as the nobles and European educational elites. It will analyse methods of Brethren noblemenʼs presentation of confessional identity by material support to local congregations, demonstrations of educational or cultural patronage or reception of religiously educative literature. It will also characterize transformations in perception of confessional identity conditioned by integration of Brethren nobility in religious exile until the mid-17th century when the noblemen sought to establish themselves in other non-Catholic confessional cultures. The outcomes will be summarized in a final synthesis as a monograph.


Ladislav Novomeský between Stalinism and Reform Communism. A Poet in Politics and in the Public Life (1945–1970)
Ladislav Novomeský mezi stalinismem a reformním komunismem. Básník v politice a veřejném životě (1945–1970)

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: PhDr. Zdeněk Doskočil, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 16–02046S
Project Period: 2016–2018

The purpose of the project is to analyze the multifold and at times controversial political and public engagement of the poet Ladislav Novomeský in the period 1945–1970. Its main aim is to portray Novomeský as a communist politician, intellectual, ideologist and cultural worker in the context of the changing political and social environment in Czechoslovakia, and to therefore complete the current production in literature and historiography which mainly reflect Novomeský as an artist and a journalist. The study will also provide a contribution to the knowledge of communist intelligentsia, the relationship between intellectuals and the power in state socialism, the development of Slovak education and culture, the Czech and Slovak relations, the phenomenon of the repressions in the 1950s, the origins of the reformist development and the creation of the national emancipation movement in Slovakia in the 1960s. Finally, the project will also focus on Novomeský’s position in the contemporary intellectual discourse. The outputs of the project will be a monograph and a series of essays.


The Birth of Bureaucrat. The Power, Culture and Identity of a Modern Bureaucrat of 18th Century
Zrození úředníka. Moc, kultura a identita novodobého úředníka v 18. století

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: PhDr. Martina Ondo Grečenková, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code:16-12844S
Project Period: 2016–2018

The project is dedicated to emergence of a social class of modern bureaucracy in the 18th century in the Czech lands and its embedding in the contemporary European context. In the 18th century, the traditional officer transformed into a modern bureaucrat. He reached his status at the time of enlightenment when enforcing enlightening reforms as a tool of disciplination and order in the society. The West European historiography pays great attention to this phenomenon, but in this country, it is a completely unexplored issue, however significant it is as regards the history and its impact on the present days. The project fills this gap in understanding our society, opening a scholarly discussion over the given topic as well as the actual definition and semantic level of this term. The research involves formation of identity of the bureaucracy as a new socio-professional group, comparison of bureaucrats in the state, municipal, seigniorial, ecclesiastical and university administration, education and careers of the bureaucrats and their involvement in the cultural life, the norms and practice in the administrative activity. 


Polish Repatriates and Refugees in Post-War Czechoslovakia
Polští repatrianti a uprchlíci v poválečném Československu

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal investigator: doc. PhDr. Jiří Friedl, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 17-01233S
Project Period: 1 January 2017 – 31 December 2019

The aim of the project is to analyse the topic of Polish repatriates and refugees in Czechoslovakia after the Second World War. The research on repatriates concerns Polish citizens who were found on Czechoslovak territory after the war’s end as well as the organization of mass transit transports that sent hundreds of thousands of Polish citizens from Western occupation zones home though Czechoslovakia. It also discusses movements of a similar scale in the opposite direction: those who were fleeing Poland for political, social or ethnic reasons across Czechoslovakia for the West. The research will be circumscribed to the year 1948, when the repatriation of Polish citizens through Czechoslovakia ended (the repatriation mission from Prague was terminated) as well as, due to the closing of the Western borders, when possibility to flee to the West essentially ended. The subject of study will be set into broader historical context and will represent a case study on the role of Czechoslovakia in post-war migrations.


The Royalty between the Baroque and the Enlightenment. The Habsburgs as Bohemian Kings in the 17th and 18th CenturyPanovnický majestát mezi barokem a osvícenstvím. Habsburkové jako čeští králové v 17. a 18. století

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: PhDr. Jiří Hrbek, Ph. D.

Project Identification Code: 17-08169S
Project Period: 2017-2019

The project is dedicated to structural issues of the royal power in the 17th and 18th century Bohemia, when Central Europe experienced a transformation from the Baroque to the Enlightenment society. This transformation was reflected and often directly initiated by the Habsburg monarchs who acted as the kings of Bohemia towards the local population. The project is not about biograms of the monarchs or description of events during their rule, but about assessment of selected aspects of the Habsburg rule, as important factors for its legitimation (the monarchial ceremony and rituals, political theory and its expression in legal texts, creation of the monarch´s image in the Bohemian society and its reception, etc.). The project applicants certainly cannot ignore the (Central)European dimension of the Habsburg family; their rule in other countries, much as their personal profile, will form the necessary background for evaluation of their relation to the Czech Lands.


The realms of memory in the shaping of modern Czech society in the 19th and in the early 20th century
Místa paměti v procesu formování české společnosti v 19. a na počátku 20. století
 
 
Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: prof. PhDr. Petr Čornej, DrSc.

Project Identification Code: 17-11309S
Project Period: 2017-2019

The project is focused on analysing the function of the profiled "realms of memory" in space and time, and their importance in shaping modern Czech society. The project emphasizes the comparative approach and the interdisciplinary use of a wide range of tangible and intangible sources in order to capture the main specific currents of historical consciousness, such as differences in opinion between town and country, centre and periphery, and the tension and differences in Czech and Czech-German interpretations of the shared history. One of the main tasks of the research is to clarify the issues regarding the ways in which individual components of Czech society related to the realms of memory, and how by means of the latter they were able to identify themselves and at the same time strengthen their sense of belonging (professional associations, unions, festivities). The project culminates with a collective monograph which will benefit research on the emergence of Czech historical stereotypes and the transformation of Czech historical consciousness.


RBMV X. Documents and Letters of East Bohemian Archives from the Period of Wenceslas IV
RBMV X. Listiny a listy východočeských archivů z doby Václava IV.

The holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Researcher: prof. PhDr. Pavel Otmar Krafl, Dr.

Project identification code: 17-16153S
Project duration: 2017-2019

The grant project involves source research in east Bohemian archives and elaboration of a manuscript of another volume of Regesta Bohemiae et Moraviae aetatis Venceslai IV. (1378 dec.–1419 aug. 16). The editors will search for all originals, mediaeval copies and later confirmations of documents and letters preserved in the State regional archive in Zámrsk and its district branches (State district archives) and elaborate their editions including the auxiliary apparatus. The project's outcome will be the 10th volume of RBMV. Moreover, there will be source research into documents of the former monastery of the canons regular, the St. Augustine in Kłodzko, which was an integral part of the Kingdom of Bohemia and the east Bohemian region in the Middle Ages. The research will result in a list of documents preserved in the archives of the mentioned monastery and photo documentation for subsequent editorial processing.


Relations networks of Apostolic nuncios and Spanish envoys in the milieu of the imperial court at the turn of 16th and 17th century
Vztahová síť papežských nunciů a španělských vyslanců v prostředí císařského dvora na přelomu 16. a 17. století


Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: PhDr. Mgr. Tomáš Černušák, Ph.D.
Co-Holder: Univerzita Pardubice, Fakulta filozofická
Participant: doc. Mgr. Pavel Marek, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 17-06049S
Project Period: 2017-2019

In the 2nd half of the 16th century, Apostolic nunciatures and the Spanish embassy belonged to the most significant power centres on the imperial court. Diplomats heading these institutions served as a significant source of information on events in the Holy Roman Empire and the Habsburg Lands and an important factor in enforcing interests of Spain and the Papal States. To make their activities in the foreign environment more efficient, the envoys had to establish specific relations networks and use them effectively. The research will focus on issues concerning development of these networks, the importance of the individual clients as regards credebility of the passed information, their motivations and remunerations. Simultaneously, it will analyse methods of the diplomats’ communication with the emperor and the courtiers, all under the rule of Rudolph II and Matthias. Comparison of the discovered facts will determine to what extent the relations networks of Spanish envoys and the Apostolic nuncios interacted and what transformations (if any) occured in them.


The transformation and social activation of rural areas in Moravia and Austrian Silesia 1861–1914
Proměna a společenská aktivizace rurálního prostředí na Moravě a v Rakouském Slezsku 1861–1914

Holder: Ostravská univerzita, Filozofická fakulta
Principal Investigator: doc. PhDr. Pavel Kladiwa, Ph.D.
Co-Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Participant: Mgr. Milan Řepa, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 17-02986S
Project Period: 2017–2019

The aim of the project is to analyze how modernization processes connected with the principles of civil society and national ideology developed in rural areas of Moravia and Austrian Silesia, and to what extent these processes became established during the period under investigation. The research will be based on a representative sample of villages and rural towns, chosen in order to cover Czech-speaking, German-speaking, Polish-speaking and linguistically mixed districts and to encompass various socio-economic environments (more fertile areas, mountain areas). The research will analyze the composition and activities of local “elites”, the activities of associations and clubs, municipal elections, modernizing impulses, as well as conducting a discourse analysis of the print media. A key aspect of the project will be research into the structures of communication and organization which enabled civil (modernizing) and national discourse to become established in rural areas, as well as how this discourse was perceived or modified in the context of these peripheral regions.


Universitas magistrorum. Professors of Prague Utraquist University (1458-1622)
Universitas magistrorum. Profesoři pražské utrakvistické univerzity (1458-1622)


Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: doc. PhDr. Martin Holý, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 18-00408S
Project Period: 2018-2020

The project will focus on professors at Prague Utraquist University in the Late Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period (1458-1622). Its main goal is to produce a synthesis, which will fill a gap in the existing knowledge according to the latest methodological currents and in comparison with similar foreign projects. Based on research of sources and analyses of collected bio-bibliographic data, it will capture an array of partial aspects (social, geographical or language composition of the professors, their educational curricula, work at the university, everydayness of the professors including their material safeguarding, their representation, collective identity, literary activities, contacts with scholars in Europe or the successive career outside the university) and greatly enrich the existing research with its strong overlap into other themes. In addition to a complex grasp of the subject, which will be presented at an international conference held in 2019, the conclusive synthesis will also produce biograms of the professors (an estimated 250 people).


"Communication of the Rebellion“. The Bohemian Revolt and its Impact on Town Council Politics in the Bohemian Crown Lands (1617–1623)
„Komunikace rebelie“. České stavovské povstání a jeho následky v politice městských rad v zemích Koruny české (1617–1623)

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: PhDr. Petr Hrachovec, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 18-01320S
Project Period: 2018-2020

Moments of great political crises (such as the Bohemian Revolt of 1618–1620) have always created a greater need for information among the stakeholders. They caused intense communication, which was based on empirical knowledge of the ongoing crisis. Towns performed a particular centralising function as 'communications networks' in this context. For our analysis we have selected four mid-sized towns from the Bohemian crown lands which were important both during the Bohemian Revolt and the period immediately afterwards: two from Upper Lusatia (Görlitz and Lubań/Lauban), one from Bohemia (České Budějovice/Budweis) and one from Moravia (Brno). We will investigate the early modern communication processes and the intermediality of different layers of orality and textuality by means of case studies. How did these towns react to the challenges of the period (i.e. to the rapidly changing sovereigns)? To what extent were they able to master this crisis? Where did they fail? Did the failure of the Bohemian Revolt have anything to do with communication processes?


Born from the Enlightenment Reforms. Integration of Hungarian Tolerance Preachers into Shaping of Modern Czech Society (1781-1870)
Zrozeni z osvícenských reforem. Integrace skupiny tolerančních kazatelů z Uher v procesu formování české společnosti (1781-1870)


Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: PhDr. Sixtus Bolom-Kotari Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 18-00885S
Project Period: 2018-2020

The project is focused on analysing the socio-professional group of Hungarian Protestant preachers who were implanted into Czech environment as a result of Joseph II’s reforms. The work puts emphasis on comprehensive evaluation of the group’s social and economic status. This project achieves it via comparison of three generational layers with help of wide range of sources to capture peculiarities of the target group as well as its interaction with society, including process of cultural transfer. Research tasks lie in evaluation if, and to which extent, were general secularization schemes of the “long” 19th century reflected in relationships of individual components of Czech society towards religiously defined minority group. The topics include specifically attempts to put the concept of “Hussite nation” forward. The project culminates with a collective monograph enriched by edition of sources that will benefit not only mapping socio-professional groups of Czech society on the turn of modern times, but also the research in relationships between religion and nationalism.