The Institute of History, Czech Academy of Sciences

Czech Science Foundation

STANDARD PROJECTS 

The Jews of Montenegro: From Invisibility to a Community
Židé v Černé Hoře: od neviditelnosti k obci


Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: František Šístek, M.A., Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 20-02699S
Duration: 2020-2022

The project focuses on modern history and present of the Jewish community in Montenegro, a topic that has received very limited attention until now. It will be based on a combination of historical (archival) research with field research (semi-structured interviews, participant observation). The project aims to reconstruct the "invisible" history of the Jews in Montenegro in the 20th century (especially WWII and socialist period), the emergence of official Jewish community recognized by the state in the post-independence period (after 2006) and contemporary narratives of history and collective identity. Archival research and field research will be mostly conducted in Montenegro. The main result will be a monograph in English.


Cooperative Movement and Politics in the First Czechoslovak Republic
Družstevnictví a politika za první Československé republiky


Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: Mgr. Jan Slavíček, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 20-15238S
Duration: 2020-2022

The interdisciplinary project focuses on cooperatives and the cooperative movement in the gravitational field of political parties. The instrumentalization of cooperatives as a part of the doctrines of mass-based political parties started in the second half of the 19th century and culminated in the interwar period. It was focused on binding the clientele to a particular political party. The cooperative movement thus became an important, systemic factor of politics. The means of this instrumentalization, its characteristics and mutual impacts (on the cooperative movement and on political parties), are in the Czech literature unreflected subjects of the proposed project.


Confessional plurality and book culture in the milieu of the Unity of the Brethren at the beginning of the 17th century
Konfesní pluralita a knižní kultura v prostřední jednoty bratrské na počátku 17. století


Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: PhDr. Markéta Růčková, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 20-10953S
Duration: 2020-2022

The interdisciplinary project concentrates on research into the relationship between the Unity of the Brethren and the book culture in the first two decades of the 17th century. It will pursue various aspects of the production and reception of religious literature within the Unity of the Brethren. The analyses will concern publishing strategies of the Brethren bishops and causes that determined the choice of location for printing the particular works: the Brethren printing shop in Kralice, printing shops of Bohemian commercial printers or printing shops connected with the European Protestant centres. Attention will also be paid to the distribution of the Brethren prints and the intellectual contacts of the Unity in the European context as a factor that affected its reception of the foreign literature. The extant library inventories of the Bohemian Brethren clergymen will be compared with other contemporary libraries. The outcomes will be summarized in a final monograph, which will largely consist of edition of sources from the archive of the Brethren Bishop Matouš Konečný.


Central European Mountains Krkonoše 1890–1950: Modernity, Tourism, Nationalism
Středoevropské pohoří Krkonoše 1890–1950: modernita, turistika, nacionalismus


Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: doc. PhDr. Stanislav Holubec, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 20-19459S
Duration: 2020-2022

Project aims to examine the relations of modern mountain tourism and nature protection to nationalist politics in the Krkonoše mountains within the period 1890-1950. By using the journals, literature and other documents produced by tourist and nature-preservation associations it aims in particular: To analyse and compare the processes of modernity in the mountains and their interpretation from the nationalist perspective; to analyse the relations among the ethnic groups living or visiting the examined areas; to compare historical narratives about the mountains created by different ethnic groups; to analyse the attempts to turn the mountains into “national realm” after 1918 and 1938 the transformation of the mountains after 1945, particularly its “Czechization” and the modifications of the historical narratives of these mountains making Krkonoše as place of memory of Czechs, displaced Germans.


The Postil by Petr Chelčický
Postila Petra Chelčického


Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: PhDr. Jaroslav Boubín, CSc.

Project Identification Code: 20-09518S
Duration: 2020-2022

The proposed project plans to present a critical edition and analysis of The Postil by Petr Chelčický. This Czech medieval thinker, probably the most original and one of the brightest of that time, created a remarkable work which ranks among the permanent values of the Czech thinking and Czech culture. However, the importance of his work exceeds the border of the Bohemian Lands and for example due to his profound and for his time unusual observations on the operation of the medieval society he has captured the interest of foreign experts. At the same time, The Postil provides the most complete compendium of the ideas of Petr Chelčický and touches on such a broad spectrum of questions that we do not find in any other work by Chelčický. The Postil also remains a so-far underestimated historical source of knowledge of various aspects of life in Hussite Bohemia.


Czech University Polish Studies before 1939 (from polonophilia to systematic research on the history of Polish language and literature)
Česká univerzitní polonistika do roku 1939 (od polonofilství k systematickému bádání o dějinách polského jazyka a literatury)


Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: Mgr. Roman Baron, Ph.D.
Co-Holder: Masaryk University, Faculty of Arts
Co-Investigator: Mgr. Roman Madecki, Ph.D.
Co-Holder: Charles University, Faculty of Arts
Co-Investigator: Mgr. Renata Rusin Dybalska, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 19-09017S
Duration: 2019-2021

The project concerns research into the history of the Polish Studies in the Czech Lands in their university form until 1939. It monitors the development of the discipline from the birth of the Czech interest in the Polish language and literature at the time of the national revival (Dobrovský, Hanka, Šafařík, Čelakovský, etc.) until the closure of Czech universities under the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. In the period following 1923, after establishment of the Polish Language and Literature Department at Charles University in Prague and the lectorship of the Polish language at Masaryk University in Brno, the project will focus on evolution of the Polish Studies at Czech universities, especially in the area of linguistics and literary science in a broader context of the Polish-Czech relations. The project will result in an original synthesis of the discipline's history in the form of a conclusive monograph, essays in specialized periodicals and presentations of the research outcomes at historical and philological congresses and conferences in the Czech Republic and abroad.


"Communication of the Rebellion“. The Bohemian Revolt and its Impact on Town Council Politics in the Bohemian Crown Lands (1617–1623)
„Komunikace rebelie“. České stavovské povstání a jeho následky v politice městských rad v zemích Koruny české (1617–1623)

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: PhDr. Petr Hrachovec, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 18-01320S
Duration: 2018-2020

Moments of great political crises (such as the Bohemian Revolt of 1618–1620) have always created a greater need for information among the stakeholders. They caused intense communication, which was based on empirical knowledge of the ongoing crisis. Towns performed a particular centralising function as 'communications networks' in this context. For our analysis we have selected four mid-sized towns from the Bohemian crown lands which were important both during the Bohemian Revolt and the period immediately afterwards: two from Upper Lusatia (Görlitz and Lubań/Lauban), one from Bohemia (České Budějovice/Budweis) and one from Moravia (Brno). We will investigate the early modern communication processes and the intermediality of different layers of orality and textuality by means of case studies. How did these towns react to the challenges of the period (i.e. to the rapidly changing sovereigns)? To what extent were they able to master this crisis? Where did they fail? Did the failure of the Bohemian Revolt have anything to do with communication processes?


Universitas magistrorum. Professors of Prague Utraquist University (1458–1622)
Universitas magistrorum. Profesoři pražské utrakvistické univerzity (1458–1622)


Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: doc. PhDr. Martin Holý, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 18-00408S
Duration: 2018-2020

The project will focus on professors at Prague Utraquist University in the Late Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period (1458-1622). Its main goal is to produce a synthesis, which will fill a gap in the existing knowledge according to the latest methodological currents and in comparison with similar foreign projects. Based on research of sources and analyses of collected bio-bibliographic data, it will capture an array of partial aspects (social, geographical or language composition of the professors, their educational curricula, work at the university, everydayness of the professors including their material safeguarding, their representation, collective identity, literary activities, contacts with scholars in Europe or the successive career outside the university) and greatly enrich the existing research with its strong overlap into other themes. In addition to a complex grasp of the subject, which will be presented at an international conference held in 2019, the conclusive synthesis will also produce biograms of the professors (an estimated 250 people).


Born from the Enlightenment Reforms. Integration of Hungarian Tolerance Preachers into Shaping of Modern Czech Society (1781–1870)
Zrozeni z osvícenských reforem. Integrace skupiny tolerančních kazatelů z Uher v procesu formování české společnosti (1781
1870)

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: PhDr. Sixtus Bolom-Kotari Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 18-00885S
Duration: 2018-2020

The project is focused on analysing the socio-professional group of Hungarian Protestant preachers who were implanted into Czech environment as a result of Joseph II’s reforms. The work puts emphasis on comprehensive evaluation of the group’s social and economic status. This project achieves it via comparison of three generational layers with help of wide range of sources to capture peculiarities of the target group as well as its interaction with society, including process of cultural transfer. Research tasks lie in evaluation if, and to which extent, were general secularization schemes of the “long” 19th century reflected in relationships of individual components of Czech society towards religiously defined minority group. The topics include specifically attempts to put the concept of “Hussite nation” forward. The project culminates with a collective monograph enriched by edition of sources that will benefit not only mapping socio-professional groups of Czech society on the turn of modern times, but also the research in relationships between religion and nationalism.