The Institute of History, Czech Academy of Sciences

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COMPLETED GRANT PROJECTS

2018

Provider: CZECH SCIENCE FOUDATION – EXCELLENCE GRANT PROJECTS

Historical Geography Research Centre
Výzkumné centrum historické geografie - Grantový projekt excelence

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: prof. PhDr. Eva Semotanová, DrSc.
Co-Holder: Charles University, Faculty of Science
Co-investigator: RNDr. a Mgr. Pavel Chromý, PhD.

Project Identification Code: P410/12/G113
Duration period: 2012-2018

The project further develops research undertaken at the Institute of History, CAS and the Faculty of Science, Charles University. The aim is to develop a joint institutional platform for research in historical geography and to strengthen the international comparability of publication activities. Within the research, emphasis will be placed on: i) theoretical-methodological issues development of the approaches used in Czech HG in the European and global context with an emphasis on the new historical geography; ii) regions development of settlement systems, sociogeographic, administrative, economic regions, the processes of their formation/change, the process of spatial polarization, changes in borders, and problematic areas; iii) towns position of towns in the sociogeographic system, the interpretation and explanation of changes in their external position and internal structures; iv) landscape landscape changes, their explanation and interpretation; v) heritage and territorial identity meaning of heritage, the role of heritage in formation of identities and local/regional development.


Provider: CZECH SCIENCE FOUDATION – STANDARD PROJECTS

Bohemian Brethren Nobility in Bohemia and Moravia. Formation of noblemenʼs confessional identity and its changes in the 1st half of the 17th century
Bratrská šlechta v Čechách a na Moravě. Formování konfesní identity urozených a její proměny v první polovině 17. století

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: Mgr. Jiří Just, Th.D.

Project Identification Code: 16-11332S
Duration period: 2016-2018

The interdisciplinary project focuses on research into confessionality of the Bohemian and Moravian nobility, which professed confession of the Unity of Brethren in the first half of 17th century. It covers decisive influence on creation of the noblemenʼs confessional identity, such as family confessional traditions, education conditioned by confessional context and interaction ensuing from various forms of communication between Bohemian Brethren clergy and the nobility as well as the nobles and European educational elites. It will analyse methods of Brethren noblemenʼs presentation of confessional identity by material support to local congregations, demonstrations of educational or cultural patronage or reception of religiously educative literature. It will also characterize transformations in perception of confessional identity conditioned by integration of Brethren nobility in religious exile until the mid-17th century when the noblemen sought to establish themselves in other non-Catholic confessional cultures. The outcomes will be summarized in a final synthesis as a monograph.


Ladislav Novomeský between Stalinism and Reform Communism. A Poet in Politics and in the Public Life (1945–1970)
Ladislav Novomeský mezi stalinismem a reformním komunismem. Básník v politice a veřejném životě (1945–1970)

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: PhDr. Zdeněk Doskočil, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 16-02046S
Duration period: 2016–2018

The purpose of the project is to analyze the multifold and at times controversial political and public engagement of the poet Ladislav Novomeský in the period 1945–1970. Its main aim is to portray Novomeský as a communist politician, intellectual, ideologist and cultural worker in the context of the changing political and social environment in Czechoslovakia, and to therefore complete the current production in literature and historiography which mainly reflect Novomeský as an artist and a journalist. The study will also provide a contribution to the knowledge of communist intelligentsia, the relationship between intellectuals and the power in state socialism, the development of Slovak education and culture, the Czech and Slovak relations, the phenomenon of the repressions in the 1950s, the origins of the reformist development and the creation of the national emancipation movement in Slovakia in the 1960s. Finally, the project will also focus on Novomeský’s position in the contemporary intellectual discourse. The outputs of the project will be a monograph and a series of essays.


The Birth of Bureaucrat. The Power, Culture and Identity of a Modern Bureaucrat of 18th Century
Zrození úředníka. Moc, kultura a identita novodobého úředníka v 18. století

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: PhDr. Martina Ondo Grečenková, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 16-12844S
Duration period: 2016–2018

The project is dedicated to emergence of a social class of modern bureaucracy in the 18th century in the Czech lands and its embedding in the contemporary European context. In the 18th century, the traditional officer transformed into a modern bureaucrat. He reached his status at the time of enlightenment when enforcing enlightening reforms as a tool of disciplination and order in the society. The West European historiography pays great attention to this phenomenon, but in this country, it is a completely unexplored issue, however significant it is as regards the history and its impact on the present days. The project fills this gap in understanding our society, opening a scholarly discussion over the given topic as well as the actual definition and semantic level of this term. The research involves formation of identity of the bureaucracy as a new socio-professional group, comparison of bureaucrats in the state, municipal, seigniorial, ecclesiastical and university administration, education and careers of the bureaucrats and their involvement in the cultural life, the norms and practice in the administrative activity. 



Provider: CAPITAL CITY OF PRAGUE

Chapters from Czechoslovakia’s history, 1918–92. Public historical lessons in the jubilee year 2018

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Investigator: doc. Mgr. Jaroslav Šebek, Ph.D.

Prague Grant No. 082V/II
Duration period: 2018

The project is a series of ten professional lectures for the general public in cooperation with the Municipal Library of Prague, an allowance organisation of the Capital City of Prague, focused on topics of modern Czechoslovak history in the twentieth century. The lectures will take into account also the Slovak dimension of our shared history. The lectures will proceed from the latest research results and focus on less known chapters from Czechoslovak history, such as Czechoslovakia’s international networking in Central Europe, the transformation of the national traditions in a horizon ranging from the First Czechoslovak Republic to the Communist rule or the transformation of politics and society during the so-called Normalization period.



Provider: MINISTRY OF CULTURE OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Programme: VISK 5 – National Programme of Retrospective Conversion of Library Catalogues in the Czech Republic – RETROKON

Retrospective conversion of a card catalogue

Grantee: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: Mgr. Ivana Pittnerová

Reference number: 76559/2017 
Duration period: 2018

The project is focused on retrospective conversion of a card catalogue and the creation of standard cataloguing records for all books that have not been listed in an online catalogue as yet. It concerns c. 138,000 cards that are being gradually processed. The records comply with the applicable norms and are in accordance with cataloguing rules. All newly created retro-records are sent to the Union Catalogue of the Czech Republic.

Within this project, we constantly work on making accessible all the books the Institute of History of History of the CAS owns in its collections, including unique titles. Our aim is to transform the whole card catalogue into an online catalogue and to process all the books owned by the institute.



2017

Grantor: CZECH SCIENCE FOUDATION – STANDARD PROJECTS

Transnational policy and the ČSSR on the field of the prosecution of Nazi war crimes in Central Europe between 1960 and 1990
Transnacionální politika a ČSSR na poli stíhání nacistických válečných zločinů ve střední Evropě
v letech 1960 až 1990

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: PhDr. Vojtěch Kyncl, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: 15-24851S
Duration period: 2015-2017

The prosecution of Nazi war crimes became an important political and diplomatic tool of the East Bloc countries in their ideological struggle against West Germany as of the 1960s. In addition to the moral aspect of unapplied international justice this topic was used by socialist camp to pressure on the judicial and military systems of West European countries. At the same time, the Communist regime based its justification on the eradication of Nazism in the own territory. The Research Project focuses on the work done by the Czechoslovak Government Committee on Nazi War Crime Prosecution (CCWCP), which was a joint body of criminalists, lawyers and politicians collaborating with survivors, relatives, historians and journalists. The Committee became a point of intersection of different interests that it was supposed to harmonize for a wide range of goals of which justice was just one role to play. The unpunished Nazi war criminals constituted one of the main topics of mutual relations between Czechoslovakia (CSK), Austria (AUT), East Germany (DDR), and primarily West Germany (DEU).
The Research Project will guarantee the very first comprehensive study into the pursuit of Nazi war criminals in CSK and its repercussions in Germany and Austria. The result of the Work will be monograph and studies devoted to factual and legal analysis of the problem.


Child in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Age in the Czech lands
Dítě ve středověku a raném novověku v českých zemích

Holder: Institute of History of the CAS
Principal Investigator: PhDr. Dana Dvořáčková, Ph.D.

Project Identification Code: GA15-02196S
Duration period: 2015-2017

The goal of the proposed project is research on the position of a child within the society during the middle ages and early modern age, which has up to now been researched only for the region of western Europe. It is, however, not continuation in polemics with Ph. Ariès or a mere search for evidence of the parents' care and love.   The goal is capturing the childhood in the middle ages and the early modern age together with specific features of confession within the Czech lands and their inclusion in the all-European context, where it is missing. At the same time, the project will capture of the domestic development trends in a broad context of the contemporary (Central-) European educational, cultural, social or legal history. Based on an analysis of hitherto uncovered archival manuscripts and edited sources of various nature, this three-year project will concentrate on the following thematic spheres: 1. theoretical concepts of the childhood in the Czech lands during the middle ages and early modern period, 2. the position and role of the child within the family, 3. upbringing and education of children and 4. the child and the society, while considering the confessional exceptionality (the Czech reformation and confession of the modern period), because as many as six have been documented. The main output - a collective monograph complexly discussing the researched aspects.