Historický ústav akademie věd České republiky, v. v. i.


SLOVANSKÝ PŘEHLED
2015
ročník 101
číslo 2


OBSAH / CONTENTS / СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

STUDIE / STUDIES / СТАТЬИ


VLČEK, Radomír
Reformní vize v ruském politickém myšlení druhé poloviny 18. a počátku 19. století
s. 259–292

ВЛЧЕК, Радомир
Реформаторские представления в русском политическом мышлении второй половины XVIII  -  начала XIX вв.

Reform Visions in Russian Political Thought of the Second Half of the 18th and Beginning of the 19th Centuries
This contribution discusses reform visions advanced by significant personalities of Russian political events in the second half of the 18th and beginning of the 19th centuries as an organic part of the development of Russian political thought. The purpose is to set the liberalizing reforms of Mikhail Mikhailovich Speransky within a wider context, primarily focusing on the development of the political opinions of significant personalities in the Russian Empire of the second half of the 18th century. It indicates where ideas had actually arisen about the necessity of reforming the hidebound Russian political system. This study is only concerned with the so-called official thinking, and refrains from discussion of the opposition and period manifestations of dissatisfaction with the tsarist autocracy. The central figures of this interpretation are: Tsarevna-Empress Catherine II, Count Pyotr Ivanovich Shuvalov, Count Nikita Ivanovich Panin, prose writer Denis Ivanovich Fonvizin, Prince Alexander Alexandrovich Bezborodko, and Count Mikhail Mikhailovich Speransky. The essay’s goal is to furnish proof for the thesis about the continuity of Russian political thought and reform visions for the modernization of the Russian state and of a society governed  by these ideas that would not interfere with the essence of a tsarist autocracy governed by the monarch’s will. This study is based upon analysis of source materials, and period and secondary literature.

Key words
: Russia, history, 18th century, reforms, political system, tsarist autocracy


COSOVSCHI, Augustín
Between the Nation and Socialism in Yugoslavia.
The Debate between Dobrica Ćosić and Dušan Pirjevec in the 1960s

s. 293–317

КОСОВСКИ, Аугустин
Между народом и социализмом. Дебаты между Добрицой Чосичем и Душаном Пирйевeцем в 60-е годы

Between the Nation and Socialism in Yugoslavia.
The Debate between Dobrica Ćosić and Dušan Pirjevec in the 1960s

From a perspective rooted in conceptual history, the following article studies the transformations of Yugoslav political discourse from the end of World War II until the 1960s, in order to later analyze the famous debate held by the Serbian writer Dobrica Ćosić and the Slovene critic Dušan Pirjevec regarding cultural cooperation between the Yugoslav republics. By examining the transition from a centralist model to a more decentralized model based on the conceptual paradigm of selfmanagement and the consequences of such a transformation on the official approach towards the national question, the text aims at taking a closer look to the development of the new political language of Yugoslav communism and its effects on the political and intellectual debates of the time.

Key words: Yugoslavia, nationalism, Marxism


VLČKOVÁ KRYČEROVÁ, Lenka
Studium dějin Ruska a SSSR v Československé akademii věd 1950–1969.
Československo-sovětský institut a Ústav dějin evropských socialistických zemí
s. 319–355

ВЛЧКОВА-КРИЧЕРОВА, Ленка
Изучение истории России и СССР в Чехословацкой АН 1950–1969 гг.
Чехословацко-советский институт и Институт истории европейских социалистических стран

Study of the History of Russia and the USSR in the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences 1950–1969. The Czechoslovak-Soviet Institute, and the Institute of History of the European Socialist Countries
This analytical study reflects upon the development and partial findings from Russian studies centers in the years 1950–1969, which were part of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences that had been founded in 1953. The interpretation intends to elucidate the significance and topical focus of these centers as well as discuss their findings in the area of research into the history of Russia and the USSR. There is particular emphasis on the institutional and thematic transformations they weathered, and it provides an account of the shaping of non-university-based Russian studies in Czechoslovakia. The study is based upon sources held by the Masaryk Institute and Archives of the AS CR.

Key words: Russian studies, USSR, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Czechoslovak-Soviet Institute, Institute of History of the European Socialist Countries of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 20th century


KARASOVÁ, Nikola
Současná řecká krajní pravice v historické perspektivě
s. 357–385

КАРАСОВА, Никола
Современные греческие крайние правые в исторической перспективе

Contemporary Greek Far Right Political Parties in Historical Perspective
This study attempts to contextualize the issue of contemporary Greek far-right political movements within a broader historical background and identify the basic differences in the ideological orientation, political goals, and methods of “traditional” and contemporary forms of the extreme right in Greece. Since approximately the year 2000 it has been possible to trace an unprecedented rise to power of far right groups (considered within the context of recent Greek conditions) on the Greek political scene. On the basis of analysis of primary sources in the form of materials published by the political parties investigated, and with the help of a great amount of secondary literature, the study should illuminate the ways in which the issues that the present-day far right parties reflect in their platforms have changed in comparison with the past. At the same time, the author of this article aims to answer the question of why, since the year 2000, there has been such a significant revival of far right politics in Greece, how the new extreme right wing parties arose, and from what they derive their legitimacy.

Key words: Greece, far right, political extremism and radicalism, economic crisis, 20th century, 21st century



MATERIÁLY A DOKUMENTY / CONTRIBUTIONS AND DOCUMENTS / МАТЕРИАЛЫ И ДОКУМЕНТЫ


VYDRA, Zbyněk
Únorová revoluce v Petrohradě v deníku hraběte Alexeje Bobrinského
s. 387–414

ВЫДРА, Збинек
Февральская революция в Петрограде в дневнике графа Алексея Бобринского

The February Revolution in Petrograd in the Diary of Count Alexei Bobrinsky
This article combines an edition of a primary archival source, part of Count’s Alexei Alexandrovich Bobrinsky’s (1852–1927) diary, with an introductory study. Count Bobrinsky was among the richest Russian noblemen, and he held important positions in the aristocratic local government and the state administration (Minister of Agriculture in 1916). He was also a deputy of the State Duma (1907–1912) and a member of the State Council (1912–1917). Bobrinsky kept a diary from an early age and continued writing it for much of his life (he began in 1863 and the latest entries are from 1917). The complete diaries are preserved in the Bobrinsky family archive in the Rossiiskii Gosudarstvennyi Arkhiv Drevnikh Aktov (RGADA) in Moscow. This edited and translated diary is of interest to scholars for its depiction of the events of the February Revolution of 1917 in Petrograd. The section on the February Revolution was recorded in a special book, and thus constitutes a discrete unit. This diary offers a micro-historical view of daily events in the capital, with Bobrinsky’s comments on the political situation. It is a useful source for study of the family networks and social ties among the Russian aristocracy.

Key words: Russia, February Revolution, Petrograd, nobility, Alexei Alexandrovich Bobrinsky diaries


RECENZE / REVIEWS / РЕЦЕНЗИИ

REIMAN Michal a kol., Zrod velmoci. Dějiny Sovětského svazu 1914–1945
(Lenka Vlčková Kryčerová)
s. 415–422

MUCHINA Ludmila – VACULÍK Jaroslav a kol., Dějiny Čechů na Ukrajině / Історія чехів в Україні
(Miroslav Jireček)
s. 423–427

VACULÍK Jaroslav, Reemigrace a repatriace Čechů a Slováků po první světové válce
(Radomír Vlček)
s. 427–429

SIBORA Janusz, Dyplomacja polska w I wojnie światowej
(Pavol Jakubec)
s. 429–432

IVANTYŠYNOVÁ Tatiana – VIRŠINSKÁ Miriam, Na cestě k literárnej vzájomnosti. Poľsko-slovenský dialog
(Radomír Vlček)
s. 432–434

ŽÍLA Ondřej, „Jedna si jedina moja domovina?“ Etno-demografické proměny Bosny a Hercegoviny v letech 1945–2012
(Václav Štěpánek)
s. 434–441

PELIKÁN Jan, Novými cestami. Kosovo v letech 1958–1969
(Václav Štěpánek)
s. 441–445

SIMIĆ Pero, Draža. Smrt duža od života
(Jan Pelikán)
s. 445–448

RISTOVIĆ Milan, Turska osmatračnica: jugoslovensko-turski odnosi u Drugom svetskom ratu i njihov balkanski kontekst
(Jan Pelikán)
s. 448–449


ZPRÁVY / NOTICES / СООБШЕНИЯ
s. 451–461


ZPRÁVY Z VĚDECKÉHO ŽIVOTA / REPORTS FROM THE SCHOLARLY LIFE / СООБЩЕНИЯ ИЗ НАУЧНОЙ ЖИЗНИ

Společenské a odborné připomenutí 70. výročí konce druhé světové války v Evropě v rámci Historického ústavu AV ČR
Social and Professional Commemoration of the 70th Anniversary of the End of the Second World War in Europe Within the Institute of History CAS
(Jaroslav Šebek)

Общественные и профессиональные  мероприятия в память 70-й годовщины окончания Второй мировой войны в Европе в рамках Исторического института АН ЧР
(Ярослав Шебек)
s. 463–465

Mezinárodní vědecká konference: Na prahu svobody. Vítězství 1945
International Scholarly Conference: On the Threshold of Freedom. Victory 1945
(Emil Voráček)

Международная научная конференция: На пороге свободы. Победа 1945
(Эмиль Ворачек)
s. 465–469

Jubileum historika východních dějin Pavla Bočka
Jubilee of the Historian of East European History, Pavel Boček
(Tatiana Chrástová – Lenka Vlčková Kryčerová)
 
Юбилей историка восточной истории Павла Бочека
(Татьяна Храстова – Ленка Влчкова-Кричерова)
s. 470–471

Docent Vladimír Goněc – 65 let
Docent Vladimír Goněc – 65 Years
(Jaroslav Vaculík)

Доцент Владимир Гонец – 65 лет
(Ярослав Вацулик)
s. 471–472

Pětašedesátiny historika Bohuslava Litery
The Sixty-Fifth Birthday of Historian Bohuslav Litera
(Daniela Kolenovská – Jan Šír)

Шестидесятипятилетие историка Богуслава Литеры
(Даниела Коленовска – Ян Шир)
s. 472–474

K jubileu Emila Voráčka
On the Jubilee of Emil Voráček
(Jan Němeček)

К юбилею Эмиля Ворачка
(Ян Немечек)
s. 475–476

Doc. dr. Jaroslav Opat (11. dubna 1924 – 4. července 2015)
Doc. dr. Jaroslav Opat (11 April 1924 – 4 July 2015)
(Ladislav Hladký)

Доц., докт. Ярослав Опат (11-го апреля 1924 – 4-го июля  2015)
(Ладислав Гладки)
s. 476–478