Historický ústav akademie věd České republiky, v. v. i.

SLOVANSKÝ PŘEHLED
2015
ročník 101
číslo 1



OBSAH / CONTENTS / СОДЕРЖАНИЕ


STUDIE / STUDIES / СТАТЬИ


HLADKÝ Ladislav
Stý první ročník Slovanského přehledu. Ohlédnutí za dosavadní historií časopisu
s. 9–21

ГЛАДКИ Ладислав
Взгляд назад на предшествующую историю журнала. Сто первый выпуск журнала „Slovanský přehled“

The One Hundred and First Annual Volume of the Slavonic Review: Looking Back on the History of the Journal from its Founding to the Present Time
This article attempts to succinctly characterize and evaluate the last one hundred published annuals of the Slavonic Review journal, which was founded in Prague in 1898. The journal was initially conceived as an interdisciplinary publication, and in the first half-century of its publication it offered a wide spectrum of current information about cultural and social events in the Slavic lands. Since 1964 the Slavonic Review has been a scholarly journal that specializes in the history of the nations of Central, East and Southeast Europe. It also devotes a fair deal of attention to the study of inter-Slavic relations and the history of Slavic studies. The journal is open to researchers from the Czech Republic as well as from abroad. It prints contributions in Czech, Slovak, and English.

Key words: Slavonic Review journal; Slavs; Pan-Slavism; history of Central, East, and Southeast Europe; history of Slavic Studies

HLADKÝ Ladislav
The One Hundred and First Annual Volume of the Slavonic Review: Looking Back on the History of the Journal from its Founding to the Present Time
s. 23–37


KOŠŤÁLOVÁ Petra
Simeon Polský a jeho Putování: postavení arménských křesťanů v Polsku a v Osmanské říši 
s. 39–67

КОШТЯЛОВА Петра
Симеон Польский и его Путевые заметки: положение армянских христиан в Польше и Османской империи

Simeon of Poland and his Journey: the Position of Armenian Christians in Poland and in the Ottoman Empire
The travel accounts of Simeon of Poland, an Armenian deacon from Lviv, represent one of the most important works of modern Armenian literature. The work does not just record  his journey to the Ottoman Empire in the years 1608–1618, but also frequently very detailed and lively description of the life there, during which the author primarily focuses on the everyday life of the Christian minorities. This travel journal is even supplemented at the end with several period colophons that illustrate the situation in Lviv and its close surroundings in the period between the 1620s and 1630s.
The article is derived from textual analysis of the primary source, which was written in one of the forms of medieval Armenian. The events included in it are compared with other primary sources from the same period that originated in the region of Central and Eastern Anatolia (particularly from Armenian chroniclers of the so-called Bitlis School). There is particular emphasis placed on analysis of the conditions affecting the members of the Armenian apostolic community in that period as well as descriptions of their everyday lives and relations with their neighbors.

Key words: Armenia, Armenian History, Ottoman Empire, Simeon of Poland



ŠÍNOVÁ Lenka
Pokus prince Karla Saského o ovládnutí Kuronska (1758–1763)
s. 69–93

ШИНОВА Ленка
Попытка принца Карла Саксонского овладеть Курляндией (1758–1763)

Prince Charles of Saxony’s Attempt at Governing Courland (1758–1763)
This article discusses the period of Prince Charles of Saxony’s rule in Courland. It analyzes the conditions that Charles of Saxony had to fulfil in order to be chosen to be the next Duke of Courland, and with his relationship with the Courland aristocracy and Russian potentates. Great emphasis is also placed on the influence of the Courland question on Russian and Polish foreign policy, because both states had made claims to Courland and wanted to gradually take possession of the Duchy. For the Polish king August III., his son Charles represented a means through which he would be able to achieve this goal. The Russian Tsarina Elizabeth Petrovna had to give up her plans for a while when the Seven Years’ War broke out, during which Russia needed to cooperate with Poland. Although Charles’ government had been fairly successful, he did remain in power, because after the end of the Seven Years’ War Russia was able to return to its original policy. The military conflict had strengthened Russia to such an extent that it no longer had to consider the wishes or demands of its neighboring states. This article’s research was conducted on the basis of archival sources stored in facilities in Germany and Latvia.

Key words: Courland, Russia, Poland, Charles of Saxony, Ernst Johann Biron, Landtag, aristocracy, fief, tsarina, 18th century


HREBIKOVÁ Anežka – STELLNER František
K tematickému zaměření divadelních her Kateřiny Veliké
s. 95–123

ГРЕБИКОВА Анежка – ШТЕЛЛНЕР Франтишек
К тематической направленности пьес Екатерины Великой

On the Topical Focus of the Theatrical Works of Catherine the Great
This study analyzes the theatrical oeuvre of the Russian empress Catherine II. from political, cultural and literary perspectives. Among other questions, it addresses what goals the monarch was pursuing with her writing, how she herself reflected on her works, where she drew inspiration from, what kinds of forms she selected, and – above all else – which themes she worked with. The authors work within the theoretical concept borrowed from cultural history of cultural transfer (interlinking of cultures) and reject the outdated theory of the Europeanization and modernization of Russian culture. Instead, they prefer the term “diffusion” in the sense of “dissemination of cultures”. They also agree with the main theses of the Tartu-Moscow Semiotic School, that on the basis of “culture transplant” a “dual culture” developed in the Russian Empire. The authors arrive at the conclusion that Catherine the Great did not rank among the best authors of theatrical works of her period, but she was able to gain an audience. At the same time, with this activity she also legitimized her rule and built a positive image for herself and for her empire abroad.  Her significance for women’s emancipation also must not be neglected, because she was one of the first women in the Russian Empire to have her own works issued in print.

Key words: Russia, Catherine II., theater, tsarina’s theatrical works


TICHÝ Lukáš
Zahraniční a bezpečnostní politika Ruska a jeho zájmy v regionu Blízkého východu a severní Afriky v kontextu událostí arabského jara
s. 125–156

ТИХИ Лукаш
Внешняя политика и политика безопасности России и ее интересы в области Ближнего Востока и Северной Африки в контескте событий „Арабской весны“

Russia’s Foreign and Security Policies and Interest in the Region of the Near East and North Africa in the Context of the Events of the Arab Spring
After the end of the Cold War, the relations between the Russian Federation and the states of the Near East and North Africa underwent many different developmental stages during the course of the next two decades. Whereas in the period of Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin’s presidency in the 1990s this region remained rather in the background of Russia’s interests, in the first decade of the 21st century Russia renewed its influence in this region during the presidencies of Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin and then Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev. The events of the Arab Spring became a new challenge for Russia in 2011. In the context of these actualities, there are two main goals for this article. The first is to compare the position of the Russian Federation’s foreign and security policies in the region of the Near East and North Africa in the periods before and during the Arab Spring against the background of Russian interests. The second goal of the article is to define the influence of post-revolutionary developments on Russian foreign and security policy in the region of the Near East and North Africa.

Key words: Arab Spring, Near East and North Africa, national interest, Russian Federation


RECENZE / REVIEWS / РЕЦЕНЗИИ

NAGIRNYY Vitaliy (ed.), Colloquia Russica. Series I, vol. 4: Rurikids in dynastic relations: politics, customs, culture, religion (10th–16th c.). Publication after 4th International Conference, Mogilno, 14–16th November, 2013
(Pavel Smrž)
s. 157–160

ARIZANOVA Silvija, Bălgarite v agiografijata ot XIII–XIV vek
(Adam Kulhavý)
s. 160–162

HOMZA Martin – MESIARKIN Adam (eds.), Symboly a mýty národov v stredoveku
a časnom novoveku
(Dana Picková)
s. 162–166

STELLNER František, Rusko a střední Evropa v 18. století, II. Vliv střední Evropy na proměnu ruské společnosti
(Veronika Lhotáková)
s. 166–169

MARINELLI-KÖNIG Gertraud, Die böhmischen Länder in den Wiener Zeitschriften und Almanachen des Vormärz (1805–1848). Tschechische nationale Wiedergeburt, Kultur- und Landeskunde von Böhmen, Mähren und Schlesien, kulturelle Beziehungen zu Wien, Teil II: Sprachwissenschaften, Philosophie, Ästhetik, Rhetorik, Geschichte, Bildungsinstitutionen
(Zdeněk Šimeček)
s. 169–175

SCHÖN Franz – SCHOLZE Dietrich (eds.), Sorbisches Kulturlexikon
(Petr Kaleta)
s. 175–181

KOVALJEV Michail Vladimirovič, Russkije istoriki-emigranty v Prage (1920–1940 gg.)
(Dana Picková)
s. 181–185

JAKOUBEK Marek, Vojvodovo: identity, tradice a výzkum
(Miroslav Jireček)
s. 185–189

SHANDOR Vincent, Podkarpatská Rus od vzniku ČSR po sovětskou anexi (očima přímého účastníka událostí)
(Mykola Mušinka)
s. 189–196

TEBINKA Jacek, „Wielka Brytania lojalnie dotrzyma swoje słowa“. Winston S. Churchill a Polska
(Pavol Jakubec)
s. 196–198

ZISSAKI-HEALEY Tassula, Řecký politický exil a národnostní menšina v českých zemích
(Ivan Dorovský)
s. 199–203

LIMBERGER Daniel, Polen und der Prager Frühling 1968. Reaktionen in Gesellschaft, Partei und Kirche
(Pavol Jakubec)
s. 203–207


ZPRÁVY / NOTICES / СООБШЕНИЯ
s. 209–217


ZPRÁVY Z VĚDECKÉHO ŽIVOTA / REPORTS FROM THE SCHOLARLY LIFE / СООБЩЕНИЯ ИЗ НАУЧНОЙ ЖИЗНИ

5. mezinárodní vědecká konference Colloquia Russica, Rus a střední Evropa v 11.–14. století, 16.–18. října 2014, Spišská Kapitula, Slovensko
5th International Scholarly Conference: Colloquia Russica, Rus, and Central Europe in the 11th – 14th Centuries. 16.–18. October, 2014, Spišská Kapitula, Slovakia
(Pavel Smrž)

5-я международная научная конференция Colloquia Russica, Русь и Средняя Европа
в XI–XIV вв., 16–18 октября 2014, Спишска Капитула, Словакия
(Павел Смрж)
s. 219–220

Medzinárodná vedecká konferencia Chorvátsko a Slovensko: Historické paralely a vzťahy (od roku 1780 do súčasnosti)
International Scholarly Conference Croatia and Slovakia: Historic Parallels and Relations (from 1780 to the present time)
(Tatiana Hutyrová)

Международная научная конференция Хорватия и Словакия: Исторические параллели и отношения (с 1780-го г. до настоящего времени)
(Татьяна Гутырова)
s. 220–222

Cetinjská konference o Černé Hoře za první světové války
Conference in Cetinje on Montenegro during the First World War
(František Šístek)

Цетинская конференция о Черногории в годы первой мировой войны
(Франтишек Шистек)
s. 222–227

Možnosti porozumění (Západ a Rusko, Rusko a Západ)
Opportunities for Understanding (The West and Russia, Russia and the West)
(Lenka Vlčková Kryčerová)

Возможности понимания (Запад и Россия, Россия и Запад)
(Ленка Влчкова Кричерова)
s. 228–230

Mezinárodní konference „Přesidlování a vyhlazování obyvatelstva – syndrom moderních dějin“
International Conference: “Populations Transfers and Exterminations: A Syndrome of Modern History”
(Emil Voráček)

Международная конференция „Переселение и истребление населения – синдром новейшей истории“
(Емил Ворачек)
s. 230–234

Profesor Mečislav Borák jubilující
Professor Mečislav Borák’s Jubilee
(Jiří Friedl)

Юбилей профессора Мечислава Борака
(Йиржи Фридл)
s. 234–237

Osmdesátiny slavisty a balkanisty Ivana Dorovského
Balkan and Slavic Scholar Ivan Dorovský’s Eightieth Birthday
(Ladislav Hladký)

Восьмидесятилетие слависта и балканиста Ивана Доровского
(Ладислав Гладки)
s. 237–241

Za profesorem Jerzym Tomaszewským
A Visit to Professor Jerzy Tomaszewski
(Jiří Friedl)

Скончался профессор Ежи Томашевски
(Йиржи Фридл)
s. 241–244

Prof. Růžena Dostálová, CSc. (22. dubna 1924 – 18. srpna 2014)
Professor Růžena Dostálová, CSc. (22. April 1924 – 18. August 2014)
(Konstantinos Tsivos)

Проф. Ружена Досталова, канд. наук (22 апреля 1924 – 18 августа 2014)
(Константинос Цивос)
s. 244–246

Česko-ruské kulturní vztahy utrpěly velkou ztrátu
(Irina Makarovna Poročkina, 1. února 1925 – 20. prosince 2014)
Czech-Russian Cultural Relations Suffered a Great Loss
(Irina Makarovna Poročkina, 1. February 1925 – 20. December 2014)
(Lukáš Babka)

Чешско-русские культурные отношения понесли значимую потерю
(Ипина Макаровна Порочкина, 1. февраля – 20. декабря 2014)
(Лукаш Бабка)
s. 246–247

Prof. PhDr. Josef Kolejka, DrSc. (7. března 1924 – 9. února 2015)
Professor Josef Kolejka, DrSc. (7. March 1924 – 9. February 2015)
(Ladislav Hladký)

Проф. Йозеф Колейка, канд. наук (7. марта 1924 – 9. апреля 2015)
(Ладислав Гладки)
s. 248