Historický ústav akademie věd České republiky, v. v. i.

ročník 100 (39)
číslo 3



„Rychlejší než větry, hbitější než všichni zajíci“
Útěk Jindřicha z Valois z Polska v pamfletu z roku 1574

s. 473–497

„Быстрее ветров, проворнее всех зайцев“
Бегство Генриха Валуа из Польши в памфлете 1574 г.

“Faster than the Winds, More Fleet-Footed than all the Hares”
The Escape of Henry III of Valois from Poland in the 1574 Pamphlet
This study discusses a pamphlet written in Latin in the year 1574 which had until now remained unpublished and has been preserved in the State Regional Archives in Třeboň in the collection Historica Třeboň. The unknown author of the rhyming text entitled De obitu Caroli IX, Galliarum regis, et de Henrico, Polonorum rege was reacting to the situation in the Polish-Lithuanian state after the flight of Henry III of Valois during the night of the 18th to the 19th of June, 1574. This episode was evaluated in context of the history of the French Valois dynasty, against whose members the author adopted a sharply critical stance (among other things, he emphasizes their share in the bloody St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre in August 1572). However, he presents the Polish aristocrats in a positive light: in the pamphleteer’s conception they were denying the undeserving King Henry the opportunity to advance a bad form of government. This study offers a detailed interpretation of the pamphlet within the wider context of Polish-Lithuanian union relations to the Habsburg Monarchy and the Kingdom of France in the period of the contest for the Polish crown (1572-1573). An integral part of this contribution is also an edition that makes the source herein analyzed available to interested researchers. In particular, historians who are concerned with topics relating to early modern political thinking, communication and public relations can draw upon it.

Key words
: Polish-Lithuanian union, royal election 1572–1573, early modern public relations

Zemědělští kolonisté z českých zemí v Bosně a Hercegovině na konci 19. století
s. 499–560

Земледельческие колонисты из чешских земель в Боснии и Герцеговине в конце XIX в.

Agricultural Colonists from the Czech Lands in Bosnia and Herzegovina at the End of the 19th Century
This study investigates the little-researched topic of the organized agricultural colonization of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the first half of the 1890s, focusing on its “Czech” element. The goal of this colonization driven by the Austro-Hungarian government was to assist acculturation, population growth and – above all else – the overall economic development of the newly-acquired province. In its own way, this colonization was related to older Austrian projects in the Banat and Slavonia. From this point of view it represents an interesting subject to explore because from a historic and ethnographical point of view it touches upon the history of the Czech economic emigration, Czech minorities abroad, and their interaction with the majority societies in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Key words
: Bosnia and Herzegovina, 19th century, Austro-Hungarian administration, Czech agricultural colonists, Czechs in Bosnia and Hercegovina

Katoličtí Srbové z oblasti Dubrovníku a Dalmácie
s. 561–591

Католические сербы из области Дубровника и Далмации

Catholic Serbs from the Region of Dubrovnik and Dalmatia
The goal of this study is to introduce, on the basis of secondary sources, the origin, expansion, and to a limited extent (owing to the heretofore unutilized sources) also the demise of the community of Dalmatian Roman Catholic Serbs. Preferential treatment was afforded to the community’s local center of Dubrovnik with attention paid both to its practical and also symbolic meaning, on account of the numerousness of the local Catholic Serb population there and in the second case also the cultural heritage associated with them. Their ethnic roots as well as their relations with Orthodox Serbs, local Croats and also the Catholic Church are also discussed. More familiarity with the history this community also contributes to filling in our knowledge about the national movements of both nations, including their national ideologies and relations within the Catholic Church in the Kingdom of Dalmatia. The goal was to present this marginalized minority and, along with it, also the complexity of the nation-building process in Dalmatia, particularly in the area of the historical Republic of Dubrovnik. Even today, the existence of this group represents a fairly sore spot within the scope of Serbian and Croatian historiography. It is primarily the period of time from the 1840s to the 1940s that is captured, when the Dalmatian Catholic Serbs acted as a self-reflective historical entity.

Key words
: Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, history of the Serbs, history of the Croats, Catholic Church, 19th century, 20th century

Politická opozice v Království SHS (Jugoslávii) v letech 1929–1931 a postoj Československa
s. 593–628

Политическая опозиция в Королевстве сербов, хорватов и словенцев (Югославии) в 1929–1931 гг. и позиция Чехословакии

Political Opposition in the Kingdom of SHS (Yugoslavia) 1929–1931 and the Stance of Czechoslovakia
The study submitted herein, which was conducted on the basis of investigation of source materials undertaken in Czech and foreign archives as well as study of Czech, Yugoslav and foreign literature, attempts to map the situation of the political opposition in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia) between 1929 and 1931. This is the period spanning between the proclamation of a dictatorship by King Alexander Karađorđević in January 1929 and the issuing of the octroi constitution in September 1931. At the same time, the study attempts to inform readers about Czechoslovakia’s stance — as a significant Yugoslav ally — toward the local political opposition.

Key words
: Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia), Czechoslovakia, political opposition, royal dictatorship

MAREK Martin
Bouřlivá léta: Baťovské podnikatelské aktivity v širší střední Evropě za druhé světové války
s. 629–687

МАРЕК Мартин
Бурные годы. Батевская предпринимательская деятельность в средней Европе (в широком смысле) во время второй мировой войны

Tempestuous Years: Baťa’s Business Activities in Wider Central Europe during the Second World War
This study focuses on the dealings of concerns during the Second World War. Based on the example of Baťa, the author describes the development and transformation of the concern’s business activities on the eve of the war and during the war itself within the wider territory of  Central Europe, which is for the purposes of this study limited to the lands of Hungary, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and Romania. In the treatment of this subject there was a deliberate preference for a problem-based orientation, because it also enables the revelation of some more general questions connected with the phenomenon of Baťa’s business activities. There is space dedicated to the practical steps taken as well as to the preservation of the concern’s property in markets where they had already operated in the past, and also to evaluation of the methods that were to have provided for expansion into territories that had not yet been occupied. In this context, a reconstruction is provided for institutional and personal ties in particular between the controlling company in Zlín, the affiliated financial centers with headquarters in Switzerland and the United States, and finally with the individual subsidiary companies in the countries that were analyzed.

Key words
: Baťa concern, Central Europe, Balkans, Second World War, business activities