Historický ústav akademie věd České republiky, v. v. i.

SLOVANSKÝ PŘEHLED
2014
ročník 100
číslo 2



OBSAH / CONTENTS / СОДЕРЖАНИЕ


STUDIE / STUDIES / СТАТЬИ


HNILICA Jiří
Francouzský slavista Jules Legras a jeho (znovu)objevený deník 
s. 247–269

ГНИЛИЦА Йиржи
Французский славист Жюль Легра и его (снова) найденный дневник

French Slavist Jules Legras and his (re)discovered diary
Ego-documents rank among the most important alternative sources that enable understanding of events and the motivations for people’s actions in the past. The study herein submitted draws attention to the existence of heretofore unknown diary of the distinguished Slavist Jules Legras. Legras’ fate and works are not well known to the Czech public, and therefore his career, professional publishing activities and also the place he occupied among his generational cohorts are also sketched out. Legras “entered” Czech history in several different ways. First of all, he took part as a representative of the French military mission in the Russian Civil War in Siberia. Content analysis of his diary also yields undisclosed and considerably critical testimony on the Czechoslovak legions and M. R. Štefánik. On the basis of study of this source we can begin to disclose the difficulties encountered in the development of a French Slavist who was positioned in this period between scholarship and politics. Legras, however, also taught in Dijon, which was one of the cities with a significant Czech presence in France (secondary school, university), which is another reason his testimony is of interest. Finally, the last subject treated is one which stems from Legras‘recurrent stays in Czechoslovakia is an analysis of his again frequently critical view of Czech-French relations during the “golden age” of Czech Francophilia.
Key words: Jules Legras, Louis Eisenmann, Maurice Janin, Milan Rastislav Štefánik, French Slavic studies, Czech-French relations, Czechoslovak-French relations, Dijon


HRABCOVÁ Jana
Československo-jugoslávské vztahy v přelomovém roce 1929
s. 271–296

ГРАБЦОВА Яна
Чехословацко-югославские отношения в переломном 1929 г.

Czechoslovak-Yugoslav Relations in the Crucial Year 1929
This study examines bilateral political relations between Czechoslovakia and Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes during the year 1929 when the royal dictatorship in Yugoslavia was proclaimed. The author focuses on mutual political relations and on the Czechoslovak attitude toward the Yugoslav dictatorship during its first year. This study is based upon numerous sources from the Czech and Yugoslav archives as well as literature and the Czechoslovak and Yugoslav press from 1929.
Key words: political relations, Czechoslovakia, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Royal Dictatorship


SOVILJ Milan
Otázka identity Čechů a Slováků v Jugoslávii v letech 1939–1941
s. 297–322

СОВИЛЙ Милан
Вопрос идентичности Чехов и Словаков в Югославии в 1939–1941 гг.

The Question of Identity of Czechs and Slovaks in Yugoslavia in the Years 1939–1941
This article analyzes the question of identity of members of the Czech and Slovak minorities in Yugoslavia in what was a very turbulent period for the Yugoslav state. Despite that the great majority of Slovaks along with a certain number of Czechs held Yugoslav citizenship; the Slovaks and Czechs living in Yugoslavia were not willing to agree with the abolishment of Czechoslovakia. Members of the Czech minority saw the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia as an occupied territory that had once been their homeland. On the other side, Yugoslav Slovaks, besides the fact that they also lost their original homeland, did not want to accept the Slovak regime due to its close cooperation with Nazi Germany and they did not agree with the strong German influence upon Slovakia. Even if the autonomy of Slovakia would had been acceptable, they did not want to reconcile themselves with the activities being taken by the Slovak government against Evangelicals. Therefore, the majority of Slovaks in Yugoslavia, who had been traditionally raised with Evangelism, sharply criticized the regime in Slovakia. The abolition of Czechoslovakia and the formation of a Slovak state and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia also acted to a certain extent upon the national consciousness of members of the Czech and Slovak minorities, serving to highlight the question of their identity. The article is primarily based on sources of Czech, Slovak, Yugoslav and German provenience as well as from period press materials.
Key words: Czech minority, Slovak minority, identity, Yugoslavia 1939–1941


FRIEDL Jiří
Plán z let 1946–1947 na usídlení židovských uprchlíků z Polska v Československu
s. 323–341

ФРИЕДЛ Йиржи
План 1946–1947 гг. по поселению еврейских беженцев из Польши в Чехословакии

The Plan from the Years 1946–1947 for Settling Jewish Refugees from Poland in Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia played the role of a transit country in the migrations of European populations in the Second World War. In particular, transports with the repatriated Polish citizens who made up the largest group of the so-called displaced persons were passing through this territory. The change in the geopolitical situation in Central and Eastern Europe naturally had the effect that a great many Polish citizens also fled to the West through Czechoslovakia. Jews also illegally or semi-legally departed from Poland, usually heading for Palestine with the help of Zionist organizations. However, they often remained in camps for displaced persons, usually in the American occupation zone. Only a few of them made it to Palestine, and those who went, did so in secret. The overflowing camps were a significant burden on the American occupation authority, which is why a plan was developed to settle at least some of the refugees in Czechoslovakia. This article analyzes this subject, which had previously only been superficially documented, on the basis of close study of Czech sources as well as documents from the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee.
Key words: Czechoslovakia, Poland, Sudetenland, Jewish refugees, Displaced persons


ŽÍLA Ondřej
Žonglování s čísly: odhady počtu obětí občanské války v Bosně a Hercegovině a jejich odlišná interpretace
s. 343–370

ЖИЛА Ондржей
Жонглирование цифрами. Оценки количества жертв гражданской войны в Боснии и Герцеговине и их разные интерпретации

Juggling with Numbers: Estimates of the Number of Victims in the Civil War in Bosnia and Herzegovina and their Differing Interpretations
This study focuses on interpretive discrepancies in evaluating numbers of victims in the war between the constitutive nations of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Varying interpretations of research conducted on the numerical population losses have been caused by the long-term absence of a postwar population census. This article analyzes and summarizes discrepant calculations of the overall number of victims and the proportional losses of the individual nations. These sources were quantified by experts from the ranks of the nations involved in the conflict, demographers of the former Yugoslavia and also foreign researchers using varied methodological approaches. Their inconsistent, and in places entirely contradictory calculations (and subsequent interpretations) clearly illustrate to what extent the statistical discipline relies on the relevance of the data that is entered into calculations, and to what extent it can be used or abused for political purposes. At its conclusion, this contribution summarizes the partial quantitative data and its relevance in the reconstruction of an approximate range of the number of victims in the Bosnian conflict.
Key words: population census, wartime population loss, reconstruction of number of victims, Bosnians, Serbs, Croats


HORÁK Slavomír
Bitva u Gökdepe v turkmenském historickém diskurzu
s. 371–388

ГОРАК Славомир
Битва при Геок-Тепе в туркменском историческом дискурсе

The Battle of Geok Tepe in Turkmen Historical Discourse
This article treats the evolution of interpretation of the battle of Geok Tepe within Turkmen historiography. The main emphasis is placed upon the post-Soviet period, when the battle was directly incorporated into the cults of personality of two men who became presidents.
Key words: post-Soviet Turkmenistan, historiography, Geok Tepe, national mythology, Russia


MATERIÁLY A DOKUMENTY / CONTRIBUTIONS AND DOCUMENTS / МАТЕРИАЛЫ И ДОКУМЕНТЫ


PATEK Arthur
The Circumstances Surrounding the Deaths of Witold Hulanicki, Former Polish Consul-General in Jerusalem, and Stefan Arnold, Polish Journalist
(February 1948)
s. 389–408

ПАТЕК Артур
Обстоятельства смерти Витолда Гуланицкого, бывшего генерального консула в Иерусалиме, и Стефана Арнолда, польского журналиста
(февраль 1948)

The document concerning the circumstances of the deaths of a former consul-general of the Second Polish Republic in Jerusalem, Witold Hulanicki, and a journalist, Stefan Arnold, which is herein presented, is kept in the archives of the Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum in London. Both of these men were Polish war refugees and stayed temporarily in Palestine, the British Mandate territory. They were killed by Jewish extremists from Lehi on 26 February 1948. The content of the document indicates that they were killed because they were influential anti-communists, and as such posed a threat to Soviet interests in the Middle East. The question of whether Lehi had been inspired by Moscow or perhaps infiltrated by Kremlin agents remains unanswered.
Key words: Witold Hulanicki, Stefan Arnold, Polish war refugees in Palestine, Lehi, assassination


RECENZE / REVIEWS / РЕЦЕНЗИИ


ARDELEANU Constantin, International Trade and Diplomacy at the Lower Danube. The Sulina Question and the Economic Premises of the Crimean War (1829–1853)
(Miroslav Šedivý)
s. 409–412

ŁAZUGA Waldemar, Kalkulować… Polacy na szczytach c.k. monarchii
(Pavel Cibulka)
s. 412–415

SMITH Douglas, Former People. The Last Days of the Russian Aristocracy
(Zbyněk Vydra)
s. 415–418

KUCÍK Štefan – VACULÍK Jaroslav a kol., Slovenské a české krajanské hnutie v USA (do roku 1918)
(Miroslav Jireček)
s. 419–421

HORNYÁK Arpád, Hungarian-Yugoslav Diplomatic Relations, 1918–1927
(Pavol Jakubec)
s. 422–424

VOMLELA Lukáš, Svaz komunistů Srbska v procesu tranzice a dezintegrace Jugoslávie
(Václav Štěpánek)
s. 425–428


ZPRÁVY / NOTICES / СООБШЕНИЯ

s. 429–437


ZPRÁVY Z VĚDECKÉHO ŽIVOTA / REPORTS FROM THE SCHOLARLY LIFE/ СООБЩЕНИЯ ИЗ НАУЧНОЙ ЖИЗНИ


Mezinárodní vědecké konference v Bělehradu a Sarajevu ke 100. výročí vzniku první světové války
The International Scholarly Conference in Belgrade and Sarajevo on the Centennial of the Outbreak the First World War
(Ladislav Hladký)

Международные научные конференции в Белграде и Сараеве к столетию начала первой мировой войны
(Ладислав Гладки)
s. 439–451

Rok 2013 v Kašubsku
The Year 2013 in Kashubia
(Dariusz Szymikowski)

2013 г. в Кашубии
(Дариуш Шмиковски)
s. 451–454

Medzinárodná vedecká konferencia Roky prelomu. Slovensko v rokoch 1945–1948
International Scholarly Conference on The Decisive Years: Slovakia 1945–1948
(Martin Vitko)

Международная научная конференция Переломные годы. Словакия в 1945–1948 гг.
(Мартин Витко)
s. 454–456

Josef Kolejka devadesátiletý
Josef Kolejka Ninety Years Old
(Vladimír Goněc)

Йосеф Колейкa девяностолетний
(Владимир Гонец)
s. 456–458

Odešel historik Vladislav Šťastný
Historian Vladislav Šťastný Passed Away
(Radomír Vlček)

Ушел от нас историк Владислав Штястный
(Радомир Влчек)
s. 458–460