Historický ústav akademie věd České republiky, v. v. i.

ročník 100
číslo 1



K „druhému životu“ Alexandra Něvského
s. 9–34

Ко "второй жизни" Александра Невского

On the “Second Life” of Alexander Nevsky
This article examines the so-called second life of the Russian prince Alexander Nevsky. The author set herself two main goals in the study. On the one hand, to sketch out what role the prince occupied in Russian tradition and historical consciousness over the course of the centuries, and, on the other hand, to also appreciate the differing lines of interpretation of his personality in contemporary historiography and to judge what his real historical role was.  Was Nevsky an unyielding defender of the Orthodox Church, a national hero, or a traitor to his own people? The foundational source materials for this study are primarily texts of historiographical, hagiographical and literary characters, but iconographic material and works of art are also analyzed, and the author also takes into account the most recently published scholarly literature as well as the period context.
Key words: Alexander Nevsky, second life, Russian cultural consciousness, collective identity, national hero, saint prince, Neva battle of 1240, Battle of the Ice, Tatar suzerainty, Golden Yoke

Vnitřní procesy maďarské sovětizace 1944–1949 (Několik poznámek)
s. 35–69

Внутренние процессы венгерской советизации 1944–1949 гг. (Несколько замечаний)

Internal Processes of Hungarian Sovietization 1944–1949 (Several Observations)
The end of the Second World War along with the total defeat of Germany and its satellites brought a new ordering of Europe, where the countries of Central and Southeast Europe, without regard for whether they belonged among the victors or the vanquished, fell into the sphere of the Soviet Union’s influence. In significant ways, this new geopolitical situation influenced the radical social and political changes that were taking place in these countries, as well as their internal and foreign policies. Along with their northern, southern and eastern neighbors, Hungary also became part of the Soviet’s sphere of interest. The implementation of the process of Sovietization manifested within the internal politics of Hungary was manifested through a gradual constriction of political alternatives from limiting pluralism all the way to establishing a Stalinist dictatorship.
Key words: Hungary, Sovietization, People’s Democracy, coalition governments 1945–1947, Soviet interference, liquidation of anti-communist opposition

Řecko mezi Východem a Západem: Spojené státy americké a řecká otázka v letech 1945–1947
s. 71–93

Греция между Востоком и Западом: Соединенные Штаты Америки а греческий вопрос в 1945–1947 гг.

Greece, Between East and West: The United States of America and the Greek Question 1945–1947
This study analyzes the position of the United States of America toward the Greek question between 1945 and 1947. Its goal is to answer the question of why, with the end of the Second World War, the interest of the United States took such an interest in the political situation in Greece – a country that had traditionally fallen under the influence of Great Britain. It discusses the reasons why the American government decided in 1947 to replace the United Kingdom in its power position in Greece. The entire issue is set into the wider context of Greek political developments in the years 1944–1947 without neglecting the perspective of the USA in the initial stages of the Greek Civil War or the reasons for Great Britain’s withdrawal from Greece. This study is based upon archival research in the United States and Great Britain, and many volumes of source materials as well as secondary literature.
Key words: Percentages Agreement, Treaty of Varkiza, Democratic Army of Greece, Greek Civil War, Greek Communist Party, Truman Doctrine, Eastern Mediterranean, Cold War, United States of America

Vědeckotechnická revoluce a sovětská technická inteligence: formování názorů na možnosti vývoje SSSR v 60. letech 20. století
s. 95–111

Научно-техническая революция и советская техническая интеллигенция: формирование взглядов на возможности развития СССР в 60-х гг. прошлого века

The Scientific and Technical Revolution and the Soviet Technical Intelligentsia: Formation of Opinions on the Possibility of the USSR’s Development in the 1960s
This study sets its goal to establish, on the basis of documents in the Russian archives that have been made accessible, that in the Soviet society of the 1960s a new concept was expressed about the possible development of the USSR.  It was took shape in the milieu of the scientific, technical, and artistic intelligentsia and it emerged from an understanding of the social significance of the global changes that accompanied the transformation of industrially advanced countries into the new postindustrial period. The conception of potentially asserting a greater degree of freedom in public life predominated. The so-called “science cities” became the centers of these activities in the USSR. These towns had been built in various parts of the country and were equipped with top-of-the-line technical facilities and above-standard living and working conditions for the Soviet scientific elite.
Key words: Soviet Union, 1960s, Scientific and Technical Revolution, de-Stalinization, political persecution

Vliv rozpadu Sovětského bloku na československo-sovětské hospodářské vztahy v letech 1989–1992
s. 113–139

Влияние распада Советского блока на чехословацко-советские экономические отношения в 1989–1992 гг.

The Impact of the Collapse of the Soviet Bloc on Czechoslovak-Soviet Economic Cooperation in 1989–1992
The paper, which is divided into two parts, analyzes the effects of the breakdown of the Soviet bloc on the development of Soviet-Czechoslovak economic relations in the period of 1989–1992. The first section describes the influence of specified factors on bilateral trade in the years 1989–1990. The second part examines changes in the structure of mutual trade cooperation in the phase of renewal and modernization of bilateral relations (1991–1992). The intensity of mutual trade was reduced during this period, but the structure never changed. Czechoslovakia remained an important exporter of the general engineering products to the Soviet Union, and the USSR kept its place as the main supplier of raw materials and fuels for the CSFR. Given this structure of trade, the cooperation between its successor countries may be considered to have been mutually advantageous, especially in the engineering and raw materials transportation and processing sectors.
Key words: the USSR, Czechoslovakia, international economic relations, foreign trade


Dopisy Adolfa Černého Melanii a Alfonsi Parczewským. Příspěvek k česko-polským vztahům
s. 141–178

Письма Адольфа Черного к Мелании и Альфонсу Парчевским: вклад в чешско-польские отношения

Letters from Adolf Černý to Melania and Alfons Parczewski: a contribution to Polish-Czech Relations
This article describes the contents of the letters written in 1889–1919 by Adolf Černý to the siblings Alfons and Melania Parczewski in Kalisz, which are preserved in the Lithuanian National Historical Archives in Vilnius. They concern the personal and scientific-literary relations between the correspondents, and the subject of Lusatia is often raised. The presentation of their contents is preceded by information on Adolf Černý's letters that had been previously published as well as a biographical sketch of their author and his addressees. Melania Parczewska was a writer, publicist and translator as well as a social, cultural and political activist, and her brother, the lawyer Alfons Parczewski, was a social and political activist and defender of minorities’ rights.
Key words: Adolf Černý, Melania Parczewska, Alfons Parczewski, correspondence


VELIKONJA Mitja, Titostalgija
(František Šístek)
s. 179–186

MILOJKOVIĆ-DJURIĆ Jelena (ed.) Balkan Cultural Legacies.  Historical, Literary and Fine Arts Perceptions,
(František Šístek)
s. 186–190

WAŁĘSA Lech, Cesta k pravdě. Vlastní životopis
(Matěj Matela)
s. 190–195

ZAREMBA Marcin, Wielka trwoga. Polska 1944–1947. Ludowa reakcja na kryzys
(Jiří Friedl)
s. 195–199

MATULA Pavol, Rozdelené Kysuce. Zabratie severných Kysúc Poľskom v rokoch 1938–1939. Spolok Slovákov v Poľsku
(Pavol Jakubec)
s. 199–201

CHLEVNJUK Oleg, Chozjain. Stalin i utveržděnije stalinskoj diktatury
(Bohuslav Litera)
s. 201–207

TRAPL Miloš – KONEČNÝ Karel – MAREK Pavel, Politik dobré vůle. Život a dílo msgre. Jana Šrámka
(Jaroslav Vaculík)
s. 207–210

JAKOUBKOVÁ BUDILOVÁ Lenka, Dědická praxe, sňatkové strategie a pojmenovávání u bulharských Čechů v letech 1900–1950
(Samuel Wlaschinský)
s. 210–212

s. 213–218


Setkání bulharistů – Třetí mezinárodní kongres bulharistiky
Gathering of Bulgarian Studies Scholars – Third International Congress of Bulgarian Studies
(Lubomíra Havlíková)

Встреча болгаристов – Третий международый конгресс болгаристики
(Лубомира Гавликова)
s. 219–221

Přesidlování národů – cílevědomý proces řešení politických a hospodářských problémů a mocenských zájmů Evropy 20. století
Resettlement of Nations – A Deliberate Process for Solving Political and Economic Problems and Power Politics in Europe of the 20th Century
(Eva Irmanová)

Переселение народов – целеустремленный процесс решения политических и экономических проблем и великодержавных интересов Европы 20 века
(Ева Ирманова)
s. 221–224

Kolokvium ke 200. výročí bitvy u Chlumce a Přestanova
Colloquium on the 200th Anniversary of the Battle at Chlumec and Přestanov
(Radomír Vlček)

Коллоквиум к 200-летию битвы при Хлумце и Престанова
(Радомир Влчек)
s. 224–225

Ruské revoluce a jejich osobnosti: mezi demokracií a totalitou (jazyk – literatura – historie – politika)
The Russian Revolution and its Personalities: Between Democracy and Totalitarianism (Language – Literature – History – Politics)
(Lenka Vlčková Kryčerová)

Русские революции и их личности: между демократией и тоталитаризмом (язык – литература – история – политика)
(Ленка Влчкова Крычерова)
s. 225–226

Kongres českých slavistů
Congress of Czech Slavists
(Radomír Vlček)

Когресс чешских славистов
(Радомир Влчек)
s. 226–228

Kolokvium o proměnách ruského imperiálního myšlení
Colloquium on Transformations in Russian Imperial Thinking
(Lenka Vlčková Kryčerová)

Коллоквиум o переменах русского империального мышления
(Ленка Влчкова Крычерова)
s. 228–229

Varlam Šalamov v Praze
Varlam Shalamov in Prague
(Lukáš Babka)

Варлам Шаламов в Праге
(Лукаш Бабка)
s. 229–230

Mezinárodní vědecká konference Česká polonistická studia v evropském kontextu
International Scholarly Conference of Czech Polish Studies in the European Context
(Agnieszka Stec)

Международная научная конференция Чешская полонистическая учеба в европейском контексте
(Агниешка Штец)
s. 230–233

Československo-sovětská smlouva 1943 – počátek cesty k únoru 1948?
The Czechoslovak-Soviet Treaty of 1943 – First Step on the Path to February 1948?
(Blanka Jedličková)

Чехословацко-советский договор 1943 – начало пути к февралю 1948?
(Бланка Едличкова)
s. 233–234

Za Pawłem Chmielewskim
In Paweł Chmielewski’s Time
(Vladimír Goněc)

К Павлу Хмиелевскому
(Владимир Гонец)
s. 234–235

Slovinský historik Janez Cvirn (1960–2013)
Slovenian Historian Janez Cvirn (1960–2013)
(Jaroslav Pánek)

Словенский историк Янез Цвирн (1960–2013)
(Ярослав Панек)
s. 236–238