Historický ústav akademie věd České republiky, v. v. i.

ročník 97
č. 5


A země se třásla: Reflexe zemětřesení ve Skopji (1963) a Banja Luce (1969)
And the Earth Was Shaking: The Reflections of the Earthquakes in Skopje (1963)
and Banja Luka (1969)
s. 427-503

The aim of this work is to capture the key events after the devastating earthquakes in Skopje in 1963 and Banja Luka in 1969. A special emphasis is put on the reaction of the federal authorities, foreign responses and demographic changes in the affected areas. These aspects of the research are part of the broader perspective on the history of Yugoslavia in the 1960s. Both natural disasters also serve as the object of comparison that can prove changes in the attitudes of the Yugoslav administration and the public within a few years.

Kristýna JAŠKOVÁ
Rusko britskýma očima. Obraz Ruska přelomu 18. a 19. století v britské cestopisné literatuře
Russia through British Eyes. An Image of the Russia on the Turn of 18th and 19th Centuries in the British travel Literature
s. 505-545

This study identifies selected British travelogues as one of possible sources used to examine an image of the Russian Empire which was being created in Britain at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries. The given source contributed significantly to dissemination of information concerning Russia, primarily from a cultural social perspective. The first part of the study describes a political climate and diplomatic relations between European powers at the turning point, i.e. the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries. This is followed by recounting life stories of British visitors and stating purposes of their travels. The third and crucial part focuses on a detailed analysis of selected issues, i.e. individual impressions and knowledge gained by selected Britons. Thus the aim of the study is to analyse individual travelogues and show what image of the Russian Empire may have been formed from all the acquired information in Britain at that time.

Bosna v původní pravašské ideologii Anteho Starčeviće a Eugena Kvaternika.  Bosnia
in the Original Ideology of the Party of Rights of Ante Starčević and Eugen Kvaternik
s. 547-580

Bosnia figured in all Croatian national-political conceptions of the 19th century as an important part of Croatian or a wider South Slavonic historical, political and national territory. This paper examines the position of Bosnia in the first exclusively Croatian national-integrational ideology formulated by the Party of Rights’ founders Ante Starčević and Eugen Kvaternik at the turn of 1860s. The ideological system of these influential political thinkers and ideologues was based on the notion of a Croatian “state right” stemming from the presumable existence of continuous Croatian statehood since the Middle Ages. They were convinced that Croats have an unalienable right to form an independent nation state within its alleged historical borders. In their opinion the original Croatian state was founded in the 7th century and
encompassed most of the Slavonic South including Bosnia. Therefore they refused any other nation’s claim to this land which they believed to be a historical part of Croatia. In accordance with the notion of a Croatian “state right” and the concept of the political nation they also considered all inhabitants of Bosnia to be Croats. This paper deals with all aspects of the ideology of Starčević and Kvaternik related to Bosnia and Bosnians. It is based on the analysis of their books, brochures, articles, speeches and correspondence.

Problematika soužití Makedonců s Albánci v nezávislé Republice Makedonii.
K 10. výročí podepsání Ochridské rámcové dohody
The uneasy coexistence between Macedonians and Albanians in the Republic
of Macedonia. On the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the Ohrid Framework Agreement
s. 581-602

The majority of ethnic Macedonians constructed in 90's Republic of Macedonia as a nation-state of Macedonian people. Numerous minority of ethnic Albanians settled in the country demanded their rights to be sufficiently respected. Reactive nationalism of ethnic Albanians in Macedonia resulted in the conflict between Macedonian security forces and armed Albanian rebels in 2001. Consequently, Ohrid Framework agreement was signed to end up conflict and to implement far-reaching reforms. The main goal of the text is to analyze, firstly, the causes which led to the conflict. Therefore, the nation-state building process of Macedonians in the 90's and reactive nationalism of Albanians will be revealed. Secondly, the conflict in 2001 and Ohrid Framework Agreement would be reflected. And finally, the postconflict reconstruction and implementation of the Ohrid Framework agreement would be analyzed. In all the three parts of the text, the attention would be paid to interethnic cooperation among political parties, governmental coalitions and relations between government and opposition.

Zbyněk VYDRA
Židé v předrevolučním Rusku a anglosaská historiografie: stará a nová paradigmata?
Jews in Pre-Revolutionary Russia in the Anglo-Saxon Historiography: old and new
s. 603-624

The paper is focused on the basic paradigms of the Jewish history in late imperial Russia. In the form of review article, author analyzes several new books about Jews in the Russian Empire and tries to find, how far the old paradigms are changed and new paradigms are created. Article is divided into two parts. In the first part, author is dealing with the Jewish diaspora paradigm, Jewish community paradigm and ‘shtetl’ paradigm, and the paradigm of crisis and continuity in the Russian-Jewish history. All these paradigms are defined as the split identity paradigm. The second part is concerned with the pogrom paradigm and with the effort of several historians to establish a new war pogrom paradigm.