Historický ústav akademie věd České republiky, v. v. i.

ročník 96
č. 5 (Slovanské historické studie)


Turecké Chorvatsko a ilyrští bratři: Bosna v chorvatské národní ideologii 30. a 40. let 19. století
[Turkish Croatia and Illyrian Brothers: Bosnia in Croatian National Ideology of 1830s and 1840s]

s. 475 – 521

The paper characterizes a position of Bosnia in Croatian national ideology of the initial period of Croatian national integration marked by the Illyrian movement of 1830s and 1840s. A primary goal of Croatian national politics in the 19th century was a restauration of a territorial integrity of the Triune Kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia a Dalmatia. Western regions of Ottoman Bosnia were considered to be an integral part of Croatian kingdom by Croatian politicians and ideologues (Turkish Croatia). Bosnia simultaneously figured in all Croatian national-integrational conceptions including Illyrism as a part of Croatian or a wider South Slavonic national territory. However, the role of Bosnia in Croatian politics and national integration in the 19th century has not been paid much attention in historiography so far. The study is based on the analysis of contemporary treatises, proclamations, brochures, articles and programmatic manifestos of political nature, as well as on the interpretation of literary works published by adherents of Illyrism.
Key words: Bosnia, Illyrism, Croatian national integration, Croatian national ideology, Croatian slavism, Revolution of 1848–1849, Bosnian Muslim

Osmanská říše a otázka Bosny a Hercegoviny v letech 1878–1879
[The Ottoman Empire and Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1878–1879]
s. 523 – 573

This text focuses on the approach of the Ottoman Empire to the occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1878–1879. The author follows the approach of the High Ports toward individual stages of its evolution, including talks between the Austria-Hungary Empire and the Ottoman Empire, which began in spring 1878, negotiations at the Berlin Congress and also negotiations made between both countries, leading to the conclusion of a Convention specifying the details of the occupation. Attention is also given to the Ottoman approach to the uprising in Bosnia and Herzegovina that erupted as a result of the Austria-Hungary occupation, as well as to the consequences of the occupation affecting the further development of the relations between both countries. The author concludes that, in 1878, the Ottoman Empire – due to its internal weakness and international isolation – was unable to keep Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Key words: Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Ottoman Empire, the Berlin Congress 1878

Formovanie československo-poľskej hraničnej čiary (s dôrazom na jej spišský úsek) počas Parížskej mierovej konferencie, 1919–1920
[Creation of the Czechoslovak-Polish Borderline, particularly in Zips, during the Paris Peace Conference, 1919–1920]
s. 575 – 618

The aim of this essay is to discuss the border dispute between emerging Czechoslovakia and Poland over the northern part of Zips, a multietnic region in the north of the late Kingdom of Hungary, and the role it played within a broader scope of tensions between Prague and Warsaw at the Paris Peace Conference. This controversy is a good example as to how the diplomacy of Versailles attempted to face problems of East Central Europe being rebuilt. The Entente Powers hoped to reconcile the clash by negotiating with the contestants over expert proposals and, later, with the help of plebiscite. A fight of national identities, which spread over the borderland in question, caused the failure of such an approach. The Powers, apparently tired of mediating in avail and affected by more complex geopolitical interests, met a partitioning decision. It was far from comforting anyone involved. Calls for revision of the border line about to be established served then as an easy-occurring instrument to severe Czechoslovak-Polish relations. The design of the author was to combine three different perspectives – diplomatic, inner and local – in attempt to demonstrate complexities of the topic.
Key words: Czechoslovak-Polish relations, Zips, border dispute, Paris Peace Conference

Chorvatsko a Evropská unie po roce 2000
[Croatia and the European Union since 2000]
s. 619 - 658

The contribution is focused on development of relations between the Republic of Croatia and European Union since 2000 till these days. It attempts to describe the most important moment on the Croatia´s way to European Union. During the research the official sources produced by European Union and its institutions – European Commission, European Council and European Parliament – were used. The press releases and reports were used as well. For describing the Croatian point of view the documents produced by the Croatian institutions (Government, Parliament...), but also the Croatian press and statements of politics and well known people who have the strong influence on public were important. This contribution tries to describe the main points, changes and complications in relations between the Union and Croatia, to analyze its reasons and consequences and to describe the milestones during the negotiations process.
Key Words: European Union, Republic of Croatia, Accession Negotiations