Historický ústav akademie věd České republiky, v. v. i.

ročník XCV
č. 2


Martin MAREK
Československá účast na Všeruské výstavě selského hospodářství a domácího průmyslu v Moskvě v roce 1923
[Czechoslovak Attendance in the All-Russian Exhibition of Peasant Farming and Domestic Industry in Moscow, 1923]
s. 153–177

This essay analyses the Czechoslovak attendance in the All-Russian Exhibition of Peasant Farming and Domestic Industry in Moscow, 1923. It concentrates on initiatives of Czechoslovak companies and motives, which led the Soviets to attract exhibitors from foreign firms. Sufficient amount of prompt information often determined participation in the exhibition. Thus the study analyses the origin, content and amount of information, which the firms received and potential activity, which they executed in order to acquire the relevant information.
Key Words: Czechoslovak-Soviet economical relations, exhibitions and trade fairs

Rokovania o československo-nemeckej arbitrážnej zmluve v kontexte príprav locarnskej konferencie
[Deliberations on the Czechoslovak-German Arbitration Agreement in the Context of Preparation for the Locarno Conference]
s. 179–210

The Czechoslovak-German Arbitration Agreement was the most important political act between these two countries, which was signed in the inter-war period. Arbitration agreements impersonated a novelty in the international legislation. In the mid-1920s, they were regarded as alternatives for peaceful settlement of conflicts between states under international supervision. Texts of the agreements were composed with great consideration. During the Locarno Conference, four arbitration agreements were signed including the Czechoslovak-German agreement. The negotiation process demonstrates shifts of power, the position of Czechoslovakia and the German standpoints. Czechoslovakia received no guarantee of its border with Germany or its acknowledgement by the German party. Comparison of Minister Beneš´s original conception, which was to signed, with the final version, which was actually signed, suggests that the act that was adopted in Locarno was far away from the original Czechoslovak vision. Despite this, the text of the agreement was presented as a success and vindication of national interests.
Key Words: History, Locarno Conference, Czechoslovak-German Relations


Rusko v korespondenci Karla Kramáře a Tomáše G. Masaryka z roku 1919
[Russia in a Correspondence between Karel Kramář and Tomáš G. Masaryk in 1919]
s. 211–224

The essay comments on attitudes of Karel Kramář and Tomáš G. Masaryk on the Russian issue and is based on their mutual correspondence. It concentrates on a collection of letters written in 1919. It follows Kramář´s and Tomáš G. Masaryk’s opinions on solving the critical situation in Russia after 1917 and elaborates on their ideological confrontation regarding the first Czechoslovak Prime Minister´s proposals to conduct a military operation against the Bolsheviks. Kramář had been a leading supporter of the Slavs´ mutual collaboration under Russian guidance before 1914. He did not forsake the ideal of all-Slavism even when the new conditions of the First Czechoslovak Republic were established. He followed it with a fight against Bolshevism and a programme for creating a “new” Russian democratic power.  Masaryk was sober and more inclined to compromise in his viewpoints. He did not regard the conception of Slavs´ mutuality as realistic. He argued with Kramář’s scheme to engage in a “Czechoslovak” military campaign and preferred an allied intervention. The factual aspects made him withdraw from any assisting action and accept the Russian state of affairs, although he opposed official negotiations with the Soviet power and remained a committed opponent of the Moscow government.
Key Words: Karel Kramář, Tomáš G. Masaryk, correspondence, Russia, Paris Peace Conference, Czechoslovak legions in Russia


Zaolzí ve 20. století
Zaolzí. Polsko-český spor o Těšínské Slezsko 1918–2008
(Bohdan Małysz)
s. 225–231

Danuše KŠICOVÁ – Jaroslav VACULÍK (eds.)
Rodinná kronika volyňských Čechů
(Richard Pražák)
s. 231–232

Poslední dny Evropy. Humanistická Evropa nebo islamistická Eurábie? Analýza – perspektiva – prognóza – řešení
(Jiří Urbánek)
s. 232–237

Vojna o Spiš. Spiš v politike Poľska v medzivojnovom období v kontexte česko-slovensko-poľských vzťahov
(Pavol Jakubec)
s. 237–240

Jaroslav VACULÍK
Češi v cizině 1850–1938
(Roman Baron)
s. 240–242

Любомир ВИНАР
Олег Кандиба-Ольжич. Дослiдження: джерела
(Mikuláš Nevrlý)
s. 243–244


Vladislav ŠŤASTNÝ
Jaromír Mikulka (25. 9. 1923 – 6. 1. 2009)
[Jaromír Mikulka (25. 9. 1923 – 6. 1. 2009)]
s. 254–256

František ŠÍSTEK
Dvě století od vzniku pojmu „Balkánský poloostrov“ (1808–2008)
[Two Centuries From the First Using the Term „Balkánský poloostrov“ (1808–2008)]

s. 256–262

Osmdesát let mezinárodního časopisu Byzantinoslavica (1929–2009)
[The Eighty Years of the International Journal Byzantinoslavica (1929–2009)]
s. 262–267

Konference mladých slavistů 2008
[The Conference of Young Slavists]

s. 267–270

Rozbití nebo rozpad
s. 270–278


Obraz Čechů v polské společnosti. Příklad Haliče
[The Image of Czechs in Polish Society: The Example of Galicia]
s. 279–288

In the Czech historiographical works that have been published to date, due attention has not been paid to Czechs in Galicia. The partial attempts made, whose goal was to evaluate the part Czechs have played in the cultural and social life of Galicia during the period of the Austrian monarchy and from the second half of the eighteenth century until 1918, have been published, and continue to be produced mainly in the milieu of contemporary Ukrainian researchers and Czech compatriots living in Lvov. Both of these groups have also shared in the preparation of a biographical dictionary with the title Češi v Haliči (Czechs in Galicia), which was published in Ukrainian in 1998. In 2007, the association called Czech Gathering (Česká beseda) in Lvov published an exhaustive edition of its documents for the occasion of the 140th anniversary of their founding. In order to annex the territory of Galicia to the Austrian state in the second half of the eighteenth century, Vienna began to send its officials there, and among them, Czechs played a very significant role. As Slavs, they could more easily understand the Polish, Ukrainian or Ruthenian dialects of the local inhabitants. During the nineteenth century, besides the members of the diverse bureaucratic corps, there were also Czech tradesmen and craftsmen, merchants, intellectual and scientific workers, musicians, industrialists, brewers, physicians, foresters, railway workers and, fewest of all, also some peasant farmers. The influence of Czech-nationality officials was vital in forming a negative image of Czechs in Polish society. Poles, mainly from the ranks of the nobility and bourgeoisie, perceived them as an instrument of oppression from the side of the occupation; that is, the Austrian state. Their negative attitude and experiences are reflected in the numerous Polish memoirs describing that era. The so-called “Galician brawls” were extremely significant in this context. These were where farmers who were supported by Austrian bureaucrats squared off in bloody conflict with Polish insurgents, participants in the Krakow Uprising. The subject of the image and stereotypes of Czechs in Polish society in Galicia was treated in literature by the famous Polish writer and publicist of German origin, Jan Lam (1838–1886), who composed the novel Wielki świat Capowic (Great World of Capowice) in 1869. The topic presented here is scholarly from the very beginning and remains a worthy task for further research.
Key Words: History, Czech-Polish relations, Galicia, Image