Historický ústav akademie věd České republiky, v. v. i.

SLOVANSKÝ PŘEHLED
2007
ročník XCIII
č. 3


ČLÁNKY


Ladislav HLADKÝ – Adin LJUCA
Historie česko-bosenských vztahů (od 19. století do současnosti)
[A History of Czech-Bosnian Relations (From the Nineteenth Century to the Present)]
s. 321–337

Czech-Bosnian relations reached their highest level between 1978 and 1918 when Czechs lived together with the nationalities of Bosnia-Herzegovina under Austrian Habsburg rule. At this time, there were several thousand Czechs in Bosnia. A number of them significantly contributed to the development of Bosnian culture, education, and economics. In certain fields, Czechs residing in Bosnia were among the founders even pioneers. These included archaeologists and museum curators Karel Páč (Carl Patsch), František Fiala, Karel Malý, Václav Radimský, and Otmar Reiser; architects Karel Pařík, Josef Pospíšil; musicians František Matějovský and Bohumír Kačerovský; physicians Anna Bayerová and Bohuslava Kecková; photographers František Topič, Rudolf Bruner-Dvořák, etc.
Czechs enjoyed considerable prestige in Bosnia. This was the case not only on account of the specialists mentioned above, but also the efforts of certain Czech politicians. T.G. Masaryk is an example. Masaryk visited Bosnia-Herzegovina several times in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and, in his capacity as a member of the Austrian parliament, tried to help the Bosnian population, whose political and social situation was precarious. Thanks to the fact that Masaryk was a Slav and thanks to his neutrality in dealing with individual religious groups, Masaryk earned the trust of all Bosnian inhabitants-Bosnian Serbs, Croats, and Muslims.
In the spirit of the Masaryk tradition of engagement and neutrality, Czech diplomats, humanitarian organizations, and Czech soldiers became involved during the 1992–1995 Bosnian war and provided assistance to all affected people in Bosnia regardless of their religious affiliation. In recent years, the Czech Republic has also intensively participated in the post-war economic and social reconstruction of Bosnia-Herzegovina.

Kateřina KRÁLOVÁ
Řecko a Třetí říše [Greece and the Third Reich]
s. 339–359

The study Greece and the Third Reich provides a panoramic view of the Nazi occupation of Greece. It deals with governmental mechanisms of German rule, collaboration, and the economic exploitation of the Greek state. Special emphasis is placed on repression of the civilian population (Kommeno, Kalavryta) as well as the tragic fate of Greek Jews.

Michal REIMAN
Národnostní otázka v 100 dnech po Stalinově smrti (březen – červen 1953)
[The Nationality Issue One Hundred Days after Stalin’s Death (March – June 1953)]
s. 361–376

The first days after Stalin’s death were typical of the struggles at the top of the CPSU leadership, which ended with the removal and execution of L.P. Beria. The role of this man in the dramatic weeks following March 1953 has been a topic of discussion among historians. Some authors claim that Beria could have started far-reaching reforms of the Soviet system as well as of the Soviet Bloc, whereas others assert that he was doing this merely because he wished to stay in power. This paper elucidates some interesting aspects of the nationality issue as one of the areas where Beria attempted to achieve victory over his rivals and where he also failed.

MATERIÁLY A DOKUMENTY

Natalija KISELKOVOVA
Obraz Ruska v českém periodickém tisku v 60. a 70. letech 19. století
[The Image of Russia in Czech Periodical Literature in the 1860s and 1870s]
s. 377–387

The author follows the changing image of Russia in the 1860s and 1870s on the basis of leading Czech dailies. She documents the unsuccessful attempt of Czech politicians to utilize the influence of Russia as a counterweight to the strengthening German influence inside the monarchy and the problematic stance of Czech representatives on the Polish-Russian conflict, which was concretely reflected in internal Austrian politics. The author also addresses differing perceptions of Slavism on the Czech and Russian sides respectively.


RECENZE, POZNÁMKY, ZPRÁVY

Bohemistika v Litvě a sborník Lietuva ir Čekija
(Luboš Švec)
s. 389–392

Novica VELJANOVSKI – Jan RYCHLÍK (red.)
Čechoslovački diplomatski dokumenty za Makedonija 1919–1933. Kniga 1.
(Jana Burešová)
s. 392–393

Nikita GARADŽA (Zost.)
Суверенитет. Zborník.
(Zuzana Kopajová)
s. 393–394

Sergej GLAZ´EV
B´elaja kniga. Ekonomičeskije reformy v Rossii 1991–2002 gg.
(Nicolas Franckx)
s. 395–396

Stefano SANTORO
L´Italia e l´Europa orientale. Diplomazia culturale e propaganda 1918–1943
(Ondřej Houska)
s. 396–398

Nejnovější dějiny Ruska v souvislostech
(Robert Service: Rusko. Experiment s jedním národem. Od roku 1991 do současnosti)
(Josef Šaur)
s. 398–399

Гаджиев КАМАЛУДИН
Геополитика Кавказа
(Anton Sorokin)
s. 399–401

Bohuslav LITERA – Branislav MAKYTA – Karel HIRMAN – Jiří VYKOUKAL – Jan WANNER
Energie pro Evropu
(Michal Mareš)
s. 401–403

Justyna HRYNIEWICZ
Uchodźcy w Polsce – teoria i rzeczywistość
(Lenka Tyrpáková)
s. 403–405

Pavol MATULA
Českí stredoškolskí profesori na Slovensku 1918–1938
(Tomáš Chrobák)
s. 405–407

R. A. KIREJEVA
Gosudarstvennaja škola. Istoričeskaja koncepcija K. D. Kavelina i B. N. Čičerina
(Josef Šaur)
s. 407–408

Alexandr SOLŽENICYN
Dvě stě let pospolu, 2. díl – Dějiny rusko-židovských vztahů v letech 1917–1995
(Adam Koska)
s. 408–409

Nikolaj BERĎAJEV
Vlastní životopis
(Petra Dofková)
s. 409–411

Aleksandr A. ORLOV
Sojuz Peterburga i Londona. Rossijsko-britanskije otnošenija v epochu napoleonovskych vojn
(Kristýna Jašková)
s. 411–413

Sławomir Z. NOWINOWSKI (ed.)
Stosunki polsko-czechosłowackie 1932–1939 w relacjach dyplomatów II Rzeczypospolitej
(Jiří Friedl)
s. 413–414

Vladimír NÁLEVKA
Koncert velmocí. Mezinárodní vztahy v letech 1871–1914
(Petr Prokš)
s. 415–417

Ad honorem Josef Polišenský
(Martin Kučera)
s. 417–419

Jevhen STACHIV
Ostannij molodohvardijec
(Bohdan Zilynskyj)
s. 419–420


KRONIKA

Petr STEHLÍK
Brněnské sympozium o současném Srbsku a problematice česko-srbských styků [The Brno Symposium on Contemporary Serbia and on the Problems of the Czech-Serbian Contacts]
s. 427–428

Martin KUČERA
Vzpomínka na 100. výročí smrti Jana Gebauera [Remembering of the Centenary of Jan Gebauer´s Death]
s. 428

LIDÉ A DOBA

Miroslav TEJCHMAN
Socialistické země jihovýchodní Evropy v osmdesátých letech (cesta do krize)
[The Socialist Countries of Southeastern Europe in the 1980s: The Road to Crisis]
s. 429–448

The regimes of individual Balkan countries entered the 1980s with a series of problems that had emerged in the previous decade, but were never addressed. Constantly conceived reforms had no chance of being successful because they were attempting to reform that which could not be reformed. Economic difficulties became worse, living standards deteriorated, and, following the rise of M. Gorbachev in the Soviet Union, the conservative regimes in Bulgaria and Romania lost their last degree of support just as the Yugoslav Communists lost their halo of liberals and progressives. The failure of reconstruction ultimately resulted in the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the failure of the Soviet Communists also affected the stability of the Yugoslav and Albanian regimes. Both ultimately suffered due to the general onset of nationalism. The international situation also changed considerably when the heretofore balance of the bilateral world began to change. In 1989, the authoritarian regime of T. Zhivkov in Sofia fell as did the grotesque dictatorship of N. Ceausescu in Bucharest. One year later, the overall collapse “caught up with” the Albanian Communists and plunged Yugoslavia into a bloody civil war. The Soviet Bloc existed only briefly after the world war. In short order, Yugoslavia was expelled, Albania withdrew, and finally even Romania began to emancipate itself. Only Zhivkov’s Bulgaria remained faithful until the bitter end even when Moscow no longer supported it.