Historický ústav akademie věd České republiky, v. v. i.

roč. 19, č. 2, 2016


Jakub RAZIM, s. 7–26
Životní úroveň na dvoře tyrolských Menhartovců. Příspěvek k poznání středověkých účetních pramenů
The living standard at the Tirolean court of the Meinhardiner. A contribution to the knowledge of medieval accounting sources

This article tries to evaluate the living standard of the court of the Meinhardiner dynasty by exploring the evidence provided by the Tirolean Books of Accounts. Inventories originating from the princely chancellery of the Tirol residence are thus brought under the microscope. The subject of analysis is not only a list of the Tirolean “Familia” depicting the personal structure of the court, but the estate inventories of Otto of Carinthia (+1310) and Henry of Carinthia (+1335) as well, both providing a better insight in the aristocratic representation and cultural investments of the counts of Tirol.
Key Words: middle ages – counts of Tyrol – Henry of Carinthia - royal representation – princely court – accounting deeds

Gabriela BLAŽKOVÁ – Jan FROLÍK – Josef MATIÁŠEK, s. 27–50
Vladislavský sál pražského hradu ve světle nových nálezů. Příspěvek k dějinám každodennosti pozdního středověku a raného novověku
Vladislaus Hall of Prague Castle in light of new finds: A paper on the history of everydayness in the Late Middle Ages and Early Modern Period

At the end of 2008 and beginning of 2009, emergency archaeological research was conducted during the reconstruction of the floors in Vladislaus Hall of Prague Castle. The research was limited in the major part of the hall to the surface terrain with the exception of eight probes in various parts of the hall, but always at the perimeter walls. It is substantial for the method of the research and its conclusions that all of the selected backfill was sifted and partially also floated. The items found characterize several areas of everyday life. The components of clothing are numerous (buttons, clasps, needles, leather bags and fragments of shoes, a ring, a pendant or part of an earring, pins and thimbles). The personal equipment includes a pocket sundial of wood. There were feasts on celebratory occasions in the hall, which is proved by silverware (a knife, wooden spoons, fragments of glass vessels). The testimony on business transactions are fragments of storage bags and scales (including a set of nested weights). The coin finds are also related at least partially with this activity. Most of the finds can be chronologically placed in the second half of the 16th century and earlier part of the 17th century. They clearly prove that the hall fulfilled several functions at that time. It was always connected with social communication (public ceremonies, the sessions of the estates’ diet). Another significant function was also the operation of a marketplace.
Key words: Vladislaus Hall, Prague Castle, archaeological research, trade, Late Middle Ages, Early Modern Period

Zdeňka MĚCHUROVÁ, s. 51–73
Drobná středověká plastika na Moravě. Příspěvek k tématu archeologie a hračky
Small medieval sculptures in Moravia. Contribution to the topic „Archaeology and toys“

Small clay sculptures represent an exceptional element of pottery finds from medieval archaeological sites. From functional point of view they are considered mainly as children´s toys but also as objects of religious, votive character that may have been sold for a low price at wakes and annual markets. According to their motive they may be divided in several groups: human figures appear as various dolls (female figurines in secular clothes with a headdress called kruseler, monks with cowl, Madonnas and Saints with their attributes in hands, naked little boys – Infant Jesus); animal sculptures feature mainly horses and horses with riders. In spite of a strong heterogeneity one can observe in Moravian medieval pottery figurines standard types appearing all over Central Europe; this fact documents a common period concept as well as a good level of trade in High Middle Ages.
Key words: Medieval archaeology, small pottery sculptures, Moravia.

František ZÁRUBA, s. 75–113
Aula Magna – velký sál královských hradů v předhusitských Čechách
Aula Magna – grand hall of royal castles in pre-Hussite Bohemia

The article deals with the appearance of the grand halls at the royal castles in Bohemia in the pre-Hussite period. The endeavour is not only to acquaint the reader with the appearance of these grand halls, but also to focus on some specific issues, such as the relation of the Grand Hall of the Old Royal Palace at Prague Castle and the Grand-Salle in Paris.
Key words: medieval architecture, royal castles, palaces, grand halls, Bohemia.

Bożena CZWOJDRAK, s. 115–125
Życie codzienne i odświętne na dworze Władysława Jagiełły
Everyday life and festive life at the court of Władysław II Jagiełło

The greatest amount of information on everyday life and festive life at the courts of the Polish rulers of the Late Middle Ages can be found in the preserved court accounts. The following text provides a short excursion into the contents of the court accounts of Władysław II Jagiełło and several other sporadically preserved accounting sources.
Key words: Władysław II Jagiełło, sovereign court, Late Middle Ages, court accounts, everyday life, holidays