Historický ústav akademie věd České republiky, v. v. i.

roč. 16, č. 2, 2013


I. Studie

Mincmistr Eberhard a jeho přátelé. Několik poznámek k počátkům Havelského Města
Mintmaster Eberhard and his Friends: Several notes on the beginnings of Gallus Town
(s. 7–23)

Although Gallus Town has already been devoted great attention in the existing specialised literature, there has so far been lacking an attempt to identify the burghers, who besides Mintmaster Eberhard shared in its foundation. Unlike the existing research, the study attempts to prove that Gallus Town was founded not only by Mintmaster Eberhard and people, who participated in the extraction and treatment of silver, but also members constituting the Prague patriciate, because the documents preserved show that in the Czech milieu it is not possible to distinguish between the “mining” (in the sense of specialists in the extraction of minerals) class and the class of the Prague urban elites. In fact, both supposed groups were a unified class, which was undoubtedly connected by family or business ties and the centre of all of their diversified activities was Prague, the headquarters and residential agglomeration of the ruling dynasty. It is also evident that Gallus Town of Prague did not comprise a legal or otherwise independent part of the Old Town, because already the first testimony of the written sources proves that the Prague burghers headquartered at Gallus Marketplace and Old Town Square appear as witnesses of one common Old (Larger) Town of Prague. The reeve was also common, who performed his powers over the entire town.

„Tak jaký přídomek mu vymyslíme?“ Středověcí vládci v osidlech kronikářovy moci
So, what cognomen will we think up for him?” Medieval rulers in the snares of the chronicler’s power
(s. 25–72)
The official historian of the Duchy of Burgundy Georges Chastelain (1415–1475) included in his work also a noteworthy evocation of a crisis in the womb of the ruling family from January 1457. The solitary wandering of the duke in the woods as a result of an argument with his heir, he took as a pilgrimage for adventure and realization. In that, he utilized the approaches and motifs of medieval fictional literature. He used the fictional methods of “interweaving” also in treating the neighbouring episodes on the rebellious brewmaster and fraudulent servant, who threatened the order and calm of the Burgundian territory. Chastelain’s passages on the relation of the French and Flemish languages also serve to reinforce the hierarchical order. The author devoted great attention to the selection of cognomens for contemporary ruler, particularly King of France Charles VII and Duke Philip. They became a chance for him to assert his own influence on the events as the creative historian and man of letters literature, who has the power to form the image of his lords in the future.

Petr ELBEL – Andreas ZAJIC
Die zwei Körper des Kanzlers? Die „reale“ und die „virtuelle“ Karriere Kaspar Schlicks unter König und Kaiser Sigismund – Epilegomena zu einem alten Forschungsthema III
The Chancellor’s Two Bodies? The “Real” and the “Virtual” Career of Kaspar Schlick under King and Emperor Sigismund – Epilogue to an Old Research Topic III
(s. 73–157)
The present article concludes a three-piece study on the remarkable career and the social advancement of Kaspar Schlick (c. 1400–1449) who subsequently served as an imperial chancellor to the rulers of the Holy Roman Empire, Sigismund, Albrecht II and Frederick III. Part one, published in MHB 15/2, 2012, was dedicated to the actual career of the chancellor starting from the diffuse origins of the family and the early stages of Schlick’s service in the imperial chancery, proceeding to his promotion to the leading function of the chancellor and his vital influence on diplomacy and politics during the reign of Emperor Sigismund and ending with a sketch of Kaspar’s position under Albrecht II and Frederick III. Part two focussed on a painstaking diplomatic and paleographic analysis of the complex stock of falsifications kept in the Schlick family archive in Zámrsk. The present article tries to shed light on the way how the forgeries were used by Schlick and his heirs. The study is completed by an edition of 21 documents from the Schlick family archive.

II. Diskuse, názory a inspirace

František Šmahel [Knihtisk a četba v jagellonském věku] (s. 161–163)

III. Literatura

Tomáš SOMER, Smil z Lichtenburka. Příběh velmože bouřlivého věku, České Budějovice 2012 (Stanislav Vohryzek) (s. 167–170)

Vít VLNAS, Jan Nepomucký, česká legenda, Vyd. II, Praha 2013 (Jaroslav Mrňa) (s. 170–172)

Mark R. COHEN, Pod křížem a půlměsícem. Židé ve středověku, Praha 2013 (Lenka Šmídová Malárová) (s. 172–173)