Historický ústav akademie věd České republiky, v. v. i.

roč. 14, č. 2, 2011


I Studie

Zdeněk ŽALUD
Prameny k přírodním naukám a medicíně u dvora Václava II.
Sources for study of the natural sciences and medicine in the court of Wenceslas II.

The article deals with three manuscript sources for study of the natural sciences and magic in the royal court of Wenceslas II. At first it is focused on MS Num. 513 in the Public Library in Bern called the Lapidarius et Liber de physionomia Aristotelis. This treatise was written in honour of Wenceslas II. and would be inspired by the Secretum secretorum. The next MS from the Vatican Library (Pal. Lat. 1253) contains medical treatises, supplemented with marginal notes, which relates to the use of laxatives by personalities of the Wenceslas II´s royal court. The third MS (Pal. Lat. 1253) contains treatises relating to medicine, use of talismans and other astrological-magical texts as well as drafts and copies of still unknown charters and letters from the time span 1285-1288.

Určování směru v textech českého středověku z 12.–14. století
Determining direction in texts of the Czech Middle Ages from 12th–14th centuries

The author follows up to his previous study about ways of determining proximity and pointed his attention to another way of orientation in the terrain and identification of localities in the medieval texts from Czech Lands. Now a large semantic analyzes of some crucial words creating various ways of determining proximity has been done. The author used mainly texts of chronicles and charters, two quite distinct types of sources. Their mutual confrontation increased the testifying value of acquired information. He describes the relatively big variety and narrowness of meanings of concrete expressions determining direction, as well as essential binding of this information with the concrete situation in the terrain illustrating the medieval concept of space perception. The study follows the development of semantic fields of studied terms and depicts the shift after the period of colonization and social and economic changes in the 13th century.

Der stolze Chärdenaere.
Postava Jindřicha Korutanského v dobovém veřejném mínění a na stránkách dvorské literatury
 Der stolze Chärdenaere. The Person of Henry of Carinthia in the Courtly Literature

This article deals with a literary picture of Henry of Carinthia as depicted in the courtly literature and rises a question, to what extent this picture is able to affect a predominant, rather negative attitude to the Carinthian duke Henry in the modern Czech historiography. The subject of analysis are poems written by Hirzelin, Ottokar of Styria and Peter Suchenwirt.

Původ a studium bratří Konráda a Konstantina z Vechty

The Origin and Studies of the Brothers Konrad and Konstantin von Vechta: The paper presents the answers to the so-far unanswered questions concerning the origin of the eminent courtier of Wenceslas IV and later the archbishop of Prague, Konrad von Vechta, and his brother Konstantin. On the basis of a study of the sources, the author disproves the thesis on the two brothers being from the Bremen patrician family von Vechta, which has prevailed in the literature, and on the other hand documents that they came from the Puls family in Vechta. They left for Prague because of their university studies – Konstantin passed his baccalaureate exam at the Faculty of Arts in 1387 while Konrad was matriculated at the then independent Law University in 1390. Their later career indicates what opportunities for social climbing were offered by a medieval university regardless of the degrees attained.

Loketský spor se Šliky v osmdesátých letech 15. století
The Loket Dispute with the Schlicks in the 1480s

The dispute between the town of Loket and the lieges of the Loket region on the one hand and the pledge holders of the region on the other, namely the members of the Schlick family, dragged on in a sharp and violent form between 1471 and 1505 and was ended the following year, when the land diet for the sake of the land’s integrity expressed itself in favour of the Loket side. Having summarised the main events, the treatise focuses on the ‘white period’ of the dispute in the 1480s, when it as a consequence of the significant activity of the anti-Schlick party developed into the wider political and religious connections of Central Europe.

I I . Literatura

Robert ŠIMŮNEK – Roman LAVIČKA, Páni z Rožmberka 1250–1520.
Jižní Čechy ve středověku, České Budějovice 2011 (Jiří Jánský)
(s. 149) 
Eger 1459. Fürstentreffen zwischen Sachsen, Böhmen und ihren Nachbarn:
Dynastische Politik, fürstliche Repräsentation und kulturelle Verflechtung,
André Thieme – Uwe Tresp et al. (edd.), Wettin-Löbejün 2011
(Robert Šimůnek)
(s. 154)         

Antonín KALOUS, Matyáš Korvín (1443–1490). Uherský a český král,
České Budějovice 2009 (Ján Lukačka)
(s. 157) 

III. Kronika

K životnímu jubileu Miloslava Polívky (Redakce) 
(s. 165)    

Výběrová bibliografie
(s. 166)