Historický ústav akademie věd České republiky, v. v. i.

MEDIAEVALIA HISTORICA BOHEMICA
roč. 12, č. 1, 2009



OBSAH:

Dana DVOŘÁČKOVÁ-MALÁ
Dvorská kultura přemyslovského období. Nástin problematiky
a možnosti výzkumu

s. 9-43

Courtly culture during the Premyslid period. A brief outline of the topic and research possibilities: The paper deals not only with the definition of a “partial court“ of a medieval ruler, but it also monitors the chronological development of the court environment, the manifestation of the so called courtly culture up until the time when the Premyslid dynasty died out. In the first part called The Royal Court in Chronological Development the study focuses on the household of the ruler and his family. Servants who ran the household and in fact the whole court were also observed. Beside them there were various secular and clerical groups of people who helped the ruler manage the country, i.e. execute the judicial, executive and administrative powers. The second part of the study monitors the manifestations of courtly culture and courtly chivalric culture namely before the end of the 12th century and its development in the following century when it was distinctly manifested by tournaments and courtly epic or lyric works.
Key words: royal court, courtly chivalric culture, courtly love, tournament, chivalric epic, chivalric lyric, the Premyslids.


Luděk BŘEZINA
Dolnolužické zemské fojtství za vlády Jagellonců (1490–1526)
s. 45-96

The Lower Lusatian Land Administration under the Rule of the Jagiellons: This paper, focused on facts, tries to describe the main changes in Lower Lusatia and the operation of the land administration under the rule of the Jagiellons between 1490 and 1526. The study is based on detailed comparison of the situation in all Lands of the Czech Crown, namely in Bohemia, whereas special attention is paid to the description of the family background, family relationships and the career life of individual administrators. The paper also researches the reasons which led Czech Kings to the appointment of land administrators and tries to answer the question how much land administrators influenced events in Lower Lusatia. The Lower-Lusatian estates played an important role as well and both, land administrators and the Jagiellons could repeatedly experience their increasing power during the monitored period
Key words: Lower Lusatia, Czech crown 1490-1526, land administration, the Jagiellons, King, the Estates, the nobility, administration


Martin MUSÍLEK
Apatykáři na Starém Městě pražském ve středověku. Příspěvek k možnostem sociotopografické analýzy v areálu pražského souměstí na příkladě osob zabývajících se vykonáváním lékárnického povolání
s. 97-137.

Apothecaries in the Old Town of Prague in the Middle Ages: Apothecaries in the Old Town of Prague played an important role in the Middle Ages which resulted from the usefulness of their profession. The most significant and richest apothecaries in the Old Town of Prague owned houses in central locations. Many of them had vineyards, hop-fields or mills and some of them had a significant income from renting or holding farms in the country. Beside a significant wealth and ownership of real property they frequently became members of the town council. Like other significant town patricians, apothecaries took advantage of the possibility to ostentatiously demonstrate their importance by visibly carrying a weapon, using their own seals, impressively decorating the inside and outside of their houses and giving large donations to religious institutions. Based on these facts we need to rank some apothecary families among the elite class of town citizens, i.e. members of the patriciate.
Key words: Bohemia, Prague, Old Town of Prague, pharmacy, doctor (apothecary), town elite, town councils, farms in the country, royal court, social and topographic analysis


Robert ŠIMŮNEK
Paměť válečných událostí. Memoriální tabule v kostele sv. Pankráce v Praze
s. 139-164.

The Memory of War Events. A Memorial Tablet in the St. Pancras´ Church in Prague: War history in a broader sense of the word is integrally connected with the historical memory. No matter whether it was a battle which lasted just a few hours or a besiege of a castle or a town that lasted several months, there could be a remembrance of dead forefathers, contaminated only by unintentional errors and subconscious tendency to heroize, or it could be a purposefully constructed (deformed) picture – the latter example applies to period or modern distortions motivated by various national and ideological intentions. Neumüllers–Klauser has recently demonstrated the broadness, variety and development of various media – mostly on German examples used to commemorate war events. Memorial media usual at a particular period were known and used also in the Czech environment which the author analyses in detail in the initial part of the paper; this section is followed with a case study focused on the memory of the dead in the battle of Vyšehrad (1420) in St. Pancras´ Church.
 Key words: historical memory; memorial media; battles; epigraphy; liturgical memory; funerals; violence; visualization; the battle near Vyšehrad.